Karl Marx conflict theory
You cannot see what you have already pointed out, there are vast resources in Africa, Germany, Belgium, France, Britain new kids on the block US and China , dont want to pay too much for those resources, so continually they support one group or another in their endless pursuit to control those resources, the indigenous peoples are poor and are used by the colonialist powers as pawns in all of this, hatred of one group or another is easily stirred up, the colonialists have trained endless amounts of Africans in warfare, although the machete was the most used weapon in Rwanda in other countries modern equipment is used, what basically happens is if a colonialist power feels threatened by another it seeks to use the indigenous people to gain control of that area, sadly it is as usual the poor kill each other so the rich can profit, it is irrelevant which colonial power backs which group the bottom line is Africa is being systematically raped of its resources while the people see little if no benefit whatsoever, sadly there will be more killing as long as Capitalism exists, profit comes before people,Genocide in Rwanda: The crimes of French imperialism,Nigeria,Biafra and oil, regards Ian.
social conflict theoryu4e2du6587
While Mao and Maoism has gained some popularity in recent years, especially among the youngsters, likely because of the increasing economic disparity within China, I however remain reserved on whether this has something to do with Xiu2019s personal preference - itu2019s a possibility, but I donu2019t have sufficient evidence to make any definite assertion.
,So Iu2019m going to go nerdy and talk about the doctrines below.
,For a very short version of state-sanctioned interpretation of Maoism and Xi Jinping Thoughts (formally known as Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in Xi Jinpingu2019s New Era, u4e60u8fd1u5e73u65b0u65f6u4ee3u4e2du56fdu7279u8272u793eu4f1au4e3bu4e49u601du60f3), please see p11u201315 and p157u2013162 here.
,The six principles of Maoism named are,New Democratic Revolutionism (u65b0u6c11u4e3bu4e3bu4e49u9769u547du7406u8bba).
It argues that the communist movement in China has to be a armed struggle based on the power of the proletariat, especially the peasantry.
It further distinguishes the Chinese bourgeois class into two parts: those that serve the imperialist interests, who are the enemies, and the u201cnational bourgeoisu201d that can be brought into the United Front under certain circumstances.
,Socialist Revolution (u793eu4f1au4e3bu4e49u9769u547du53cau5efau8bbeu7406u8bba).
This argues for industrialization based on socialism, as well as reforming the society based on socialist ideologies, and tools of production needs to be taken from private hands.
The goal is a peopleu2019s democratic dictatorship - democracy for the people and dictatorship imposed on the peopleu2019s enemies.
,Revolutionary Military and Military Strategy (u9769u547du519bu961fu548cu519bu4e8bu6218u7565u7406u8bba).
Party dictates the guns and never the other way round.
Three Rules of Discipline and Eight Points of Attention.
Emphasize the importance of guerilla warfare - the peopleu2019s war.
,Policies and Strategies (u653fu7b56u548cu7b56u7565u7406u8bba).
The Revolution needs to adopt wise strategies for it to succeed.
Disdain the enemies strategically but never underestimate them tactically.
Exploit the differences among the enemies and divide them, win over friends, only target the minority at any point of time so that most people are on our side.
,Political Thoughts and Cultural Work (u601du60f3u653fu6cbbu548cu6587u5316u5de5u4f5cu7406u8bba).
Economy is the basis, and politics is its reflection.
Political education is the lifeline of all other realms of work, the useful ones must have both the necessary expertise and be politically trustworthy.
Intellectuals must believe in the proletariat worldview.
,Party Construction (u515au7684u5efau8bbeu7406u8bba).
All party members must subscribe to the partyu2019s beliefs, convert to proletariat practices and discard their previous non-proletariat ideas.
Party members need to combine the theories they learnt with real world experiences.
be in close connection to the people, and always ready to criticize himself.
Group self-criticism (i.
rectification/u6574u98ce) is an important part of the education.
,Then we are onto Xi Thoughts, simplified into u201c8 Certaintiesu201d and u201c14 Insistenceu201d (u516bu4e2au660eu786e, u5341u56dbu4e2au575au6301).
Iu2019m not going to list all of them as thatu2019ll be too long, and many of these are repetitive, so just some more important ones,Certain on the upholding and development of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, with the goal of socialist modernization and the great reemergence of the Chinese people (note: the first nationalist part).
,Certain on that the main social conflict in China today is between the growing demand among the people for higher living standards and the unbalanced development and relatively low developmental level in the country.
,Certain on that the goal of current reform is in perfecting Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, improve state administrative capacity and modernize its governing ability.
,Certain that the military in this new era is u201cloyal to the party command , can win battles, and well disciplinedu201d (u542cu515au6307u6325u3001u80fdu6253u80dcu4ed7u3001u4f5cu98ceu4f18u826f).
,Certain on great power diplomacy with Chinese characteristics, with the goal of u201cforging a new form of international relations, build a community with a shared future for mankindu201d (u63a8u52a8u6784u5efau65b0u578bu56fdu9645u5173u7cfbuff0cu63a8u52a8u6784u5efau4ebau7c7bu547du8fd0u5171u540cu4f53).
(Can be interpreted as the second nationalist allusion - but again this one is up for interpretation),Certain that the core characteristics, as well as the greatest merit, of u201cSocialism with Chinese Characteristicsu201d is the leadership of the party.
,Insist on party leadership of everything in China - including the government, the military, the people, and the academia (u515au653fu519bu6c11u5b66uff0cu4e1cu897fu5357u5317u4e2duff0cu515au662fu9886u5bfcu4e00u5207u7684).
,Insist on new developmental theories.
Future development must be scientific, based on innovative, well-coordinated, environmentally friendly, open and shared ideas.
Insist on consolidating and developing state-owned industries while encourage privately-owned industries to flourish.
,Insist on the core values of socialism.
u201cCultural Confidenceu201d is a critical force in the development of a country and people.
Insistence on Marxist, uphold the ideals of Communism and Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, increase our ideological influence (note: third nationalist component of Xi Thoughts).
Inherit our Revolutionary Culture (note: first allusion to Maoism), while develop on traditional (Chinese) culture.
,So thatu2019s about itu2026 the Xi Thoughts clearly inherited some elements from Maoism, probably slightly more so when compared to his predecessors Jiang & Hu, but there are also notable differences.
How u201cMaoistu201d is it then depends on where you draw the line.
In response to some answers under the question: u201cnationalist Maoistu201d isnu2019t an oxymoron - you can find many, especially among youngsters - in China today who call themselves both Mao admirers and act in highly nationalistic manner.
If you have read Maou2019s work there.
are also many quotes that can be considered nationalistic.
Conflict theory has a long history in sociology.
Without question, Karl Marxu2019s,work in the early to mid-1800s formed the initial statements of this perspective.
As,you know,Marx was centrally concerned with class and the dialectics of capitalism.
,He argued that capitalism would produce its own gravediggers by creating the conditions,under which class consciousness and a failing economy would come into,existence.
In this juncture between structure and class-based group experience, the,working class revolution would take place.
,In the early twentieth century, Max Weber formulated a response to Marxu2019s,theory.
Weber saw that conflict didnu2019t overwhelmingly involve the economy, but,that the state and economy together set up conditions for conflict.
Of central,importance to Weberu2019s scheme is the notion of legitimation.
All systems of oppression,must be legitimated in order to function.
Thus, legitimation is one of the,critical issues in the idea of conflict.
Weber also saw that class is more complex than,Marx initially supposed, and that there are other factors that contribute to social,inequality, most notably status and party (or power).
,But those Iu2019ve mentioned above is considered as the core of discussion; while we have to present a definition from such a modern sociological Term , logically !,In general, conflict theory seeks to scientifically explain the general contours,of conflict in society: how conflict starts and varies, and the effects it brings.
The,central concerns of conflict theory are the unequal distribution of scarce resources,and power.
What these resources are might be different for each theorist, but conflict,theorists usually work with Weberu2019s three systems of stratification: class, status,,and power.
Conflict theorists generally see power as the central feature of society,,rather than thinking of society as held together by collective agreement concerning,a cohesive set of cultural standards, as functionalists do.
Where power is located and,who uses it (and who doesnu2019t) are thus fundamental to conflict theory.
In this way,of thinking about things, power isnu2019t necessarily bad: it is a primary factor that,guides society and social relations.
,Dear friends Iu2019m ready for entering more into important sociologic issue .
On the other hand for everyone who is interested in such a socio-philosophical issues, refering to Theodor W.
Adornou2019s & Max Horkheimeru2019s works are essentials, at this point specially their common masterpiece : u201cDialectique of Enlightenmentu201d.
The Philippines is an agricultural country.
Way back in 1960u2019s the country are one of the top exporting rice in the world.
However, after Marcos Administration there is no much attention in the Industry.
,Currently the country is a consumption base/service oriented economy.
Huge young highly educated english speaking workforce such as OFW, IT, BPO and spending trillions on the build, build, build program (BBB) program from the Aquino administration until now (Durterte Administration).
The percentage of losing in the Manufacturing Industrial jobs become higher and higher due to to red tape plus the market are controlled by a group of family business (Mestizo/mixed spanish and Tsinoy/Filipino) where political and economic power was hold by them, resulted of huge gap of income inequality.
Therefore poverty, unemployment in terms of wealth distribution.
,Therefore the country is not producing enought rice due to high population growth and the Government policy doesnu2019t focus in sustainable foods via Agri-Manufacturing Industry plus rampant corruption, red tape occur.
Karl Marx theory
Adopted from Hegel, he viewed history as a determined process.
u201cDialectical materialismu201d describes the idea that history is a determined process whichs underlying dynamic is the distribution of ownership within societies.
Determined is important, it implies that history will develop a very certain way: Supposedly, the capitalist society will develop after a proletarian revolution into a socialist and then a communist one.
This has been proven wrong by history: Capitalism still very much exists and the only countries with a communist revolution were not capitalist industrial countries (like Marx predicted), but rather agrarian countries (Russia, China, Cuba, Vietnam,u2026).
However, while the idea of historical determinism is clearly wrong, the notion that a society is highly influenced by the distribution of ownership is right, as still excellently observable today.
,Labour theory of value.
The idea is that human labour is the only good that can create value and that prices are representative of the work that went into a product is simply wrong and has been proven to be wrong over and over.
However, the dynamic of exploitation described by Marx is still right: the captilsit/bourgeois gains profit through the labour of his workers/proletarians.
This is why the poor work so much but gain so little, and why the rich get richer simply by owning.
,The theory of alienation is simply right.
It puts forward the idea that humans can gain happiness through work because they can express themselves in the product they make.
Thing of an artist making a painting, a worker making a chair and so on.
However, at an industrial level, with the vast number of highly specialised jobs at a low level, this satisfaction is lost.
The worker now does one tiny step in the creation process and has often no idea what exactly he is even doing; he is therefore alienated from his work.
,In short, while many of his conclusions are wrong, Marx was and is still one of the best observers and critics of capitalism, and his observations are still all highly accurate.
It is why Marx has lost much of his relevance in economics, because his conclusion are often wrong, but still remains a towering figure in sociology, because his observations are right.
We should not simply cast him aside, rather we should find the parts where he was right and use these.