Can names be numbers if the name is spelled out?

Authorization letter for legal purposes

In the United States, you are the sole authority on your name, its spelling and pronunciation, with the exception that you may not use this power to defraud.

This is protected by both the Due Process clause of the 14th Amendment and the Free Speech provision of the 1st Amendment.

,Nevertheless, some states have laws restricting names that can be registered.

This does not prevent you from having and using any name you want, but the state will require you to have a compliant name for legal purposes.

California, for example, does not allow diacritical marks in names.

This does not stop Zou00eb (French), Adriu00e1n (Spanish) and Mu00e1tyu00e1s (Czech) from using those marks, they will just be ignored on official state forms.

,Some states do ban the use of symbols other than the 26 English letters, but none ban the use of spelled out letters.

In fact, many people do have numbers in their names, traditionally roman numerals (Henry VIII).

,Jews have historically dealt with this issue by having a civic name (kinnuy) used for legal purposes outside the community, and a Hebrew name (shem ha-u1e33odesh) for use in synagogue and in religious contexts.

Sample letter of authorization giving permission

What are some samples of authorization letters?Authorization letters are letters that empower someone else to take actions on your behalf.

The things associated with this power can be related to taking a decision, sign on documents, participate in some event, give a commitment, etc.

,In order to let someone else claim the Documents, Bankcards, Passports, ID Cards, etc, its important that you provide enough evidence of your own identity and also let the person that collects on your behalf brings his own information, in combination with a signature from yourself.

Besides, it can also be used to ask for permission to carry out certain responsibilities or to inform another person that you will be replaced by someone else so, to do your work on your behalf.

,If you wish to write your own authorization letter, then make sure that the letter at least contains specific information regarding details, such as:,(passport) name of the person,,date of collection,,other ID information (birthday, place of birth, etc),period of authorization,,etc.

,Besides writing a letter from scratch.

Itu2019s easier to find and download a suitable authorization letter to claim documents, in order to give someone the authority, Here you find some examples:,Or more generic authorization letter:

Sample letter of authorization giving permission to process documents

Export in itself is a vast concept, and an exporter requires a lot of preparations before starting an export business.

To start an export business, the following steps may be followed:,1) Establishing an OrganisationTo start the export business, first, a Sole Proprietary concern/ Partnership firm/Company has to be set up as per procedure with an attractive name and logo.

,2) Opening a Bank AccountA current account with a bank authorized to deal in Foreign Exchange should be opened.

,3) Obtaining Permanent Account Number (PAN)Every exporter and importer must obtain a PAN from the Income Tax Department.

(To apply PAN Card Click here),4) Obtaining the Importer-Exporter Code (IEC) NumberAs per the Foreign Trade Policy, it is mandatory to get IEC for export/import from India.

Para 2.

05 of the FTP, 2015-20 lays down the procedure to be followed for obtaining an IEC, which is PAN based.

,An application for IEC is filed online at www.

dgft.

gov.

in as per ANF 2A, online payment of application fee of Rs.

500/- through net Banking or credit/debit card is made along with requisite documents as mentioned in the application form.

(For more information Click here),5) Registration cum membership certificate (RCMC)For availing authorization to import/ export or any other benefit or concession under FTP 2015-20, as also to avail the services/ guidance, exporters are required to obtain RCMC granted by the concerned Export Promotion Councils/ FIEO/Commodity Boards/ Authorities.

,6) Selection of productAll items are freely exportable except few items appearing in prohibited/ restricted list.

,After studying the trends of export of different products from India proper selection of the product(s) to be exported may be made.

,7) Range of MarketsAn overseas market should be selected after research covering market size, competition, quality requirements, payment terms, etc.

Exporters can also evaluate the markets based on the export benefits available for a few countries under the FTP.

Export promotion agencies, Indian Missions abroad, colleagues, friends, and relatives might be helpful in gathering information.

,8) Finding BuyersParticipation in trade fairs, buyer-seller meets, exhibitions, B2B portals, web browsing are a useful tool to find buyers.

EPCu2019s, Indian Missions abroad, overseas chambers of commerce can also be helpful.

Creating multilingual Website with product catalog, price, payment terms, and other related information would also help.

,9) SamplingProviding customized samples as per the demands of Foreign buyers help in getting export orders.

As per FTP 2015-2020, exports of bonafide trade and technical examples of freely exportable items shall be allowed without any limit.

,10) Pricing/CostingProduct pricing is crucial in getting buyersu2019 attention and promoting sales in view of international competition.

The price should be worked out taking into consideration all expenses from sampling to realization of export proceeds on the basis of terms of sale i.

e.

Free on Board (FOB), Cost, Insurance & Freight (CIF), Cost & Freight(C&F), etc.

The goal of establishing export costing should be to sell maximum quantity at a competitive price with a maximum profit margin.

Preparing an export costing sheet for every export product is advisable.

,11) Negotiation with BuyersAfter determining the buyeru2019s interest in the product, future prospects and continuity in business, demand for giving reasonable allowance/discount in price may be considered.

,12) Covering Risks through ECGCInternational trade involves payment risks due to buyer/ Country insolvency.

These risks can be covered by an appropriate Policy from Export Credit Guarantee Corporation Ltd (ECGC).

Where the buyer is placing an order without making advance payment or opening letter of Credit, it is advisable to procure credit limit on the foreign buyer from ECGC to protect against the risk of non-payment.

(To know more about ECGC Click here),Processing an Export Orderi.

Confirmation of orderOn receiving an export order, it should be examined scrutinized of items, specification, payment conditions, packaging, delivery schedule, etc.

and then the order shoullawconfirmed.

Accordingly, the exporter may enter into a formal contract with the overseas buyer.

,ii.

Procurement of GoodsAfter confirmation of the export order, immediate steps may be taken for procurement/manufacture of the goods meant for export.

It should be remembered that the order has been obtained with much efforts and competition, so the procurement should also be strict as per buyeru2019s requirement.

,iii.

Quality ControlIn todayu2019s competitive era, it is essential to be strict quality conscious about the export goods.

Some products like food and agriculture, fishery, certain chemicals, etc.

are subject to compulsory pre-shipment inspection.

Foreign buyers may also lay down their standards/specifications and insist upon inspection by their private nominated agencies.

Maintaining high quality is necessary to sustain in export business.

,iv.

FinanceExporters are eligible to obtain pre-shipment and post-shipment funding from Commercial Banks at concessional interest rates to complete the export transaction.

Packing Credit advance in the pre-shipment stage is granted to new exporters against lodgment of L/C or confirmed order for 180 days to meet working capital requirements for purchase of raw material/finished goods, labor expenses, packing, transporting, etc.

Usually, Banks give 75% to 90% advances of the value of the order keeping the balance as margin.

Banks adjust the packing credit advance from the proceeds of export bills negotiated, purchased or discounted.

,Post Shipment finance is given to exporters generally up to 90% of the Invoice value for standard transit period and in cases of usance export bills up to notional due date.

The maximum period for post-shipment advances is 180 days from the date of shipment.

Increases granted by Banks are adjusted by the realization of the sale proceeds of the export bills.

In case the export bill becomes overdue Banks will charge commercial lending rate of interest.

,v.

Labeling, Packaging, Packing, and MarkingThe export goods should be labeled, packaged and packed strictly as per the buyeru2019s specific instructions.

Good packaging delivers and presents the products in top condition and in an attractive way.

Similarly, good packing helps secure handling, maximum loading, reducing shipping costs and to ensuring safety and standard of the cargo.

Marking such as an address, package number, port, and place of destination, weight, handling instructions, etc.

provides identification and information of load packed.

,vi.

InsuranceThe marine insurance policy covers risks of loss or damage to the goods during the while the products are in transit.

Generally, in CIF contract, the exporters arrange the insurance whereas for C&F and FOB contract the buyers obtain an insurance policy.

,vii.

DeliveryIt is essential to feature of export, and the exporter must adhere to the delivery schedule.

Planning should be there to let nothing stand in the way of fast and efficient delivery.

,viii.

Customs ProceduresIt is necessary to obtain PAN based Business Identification Number (BIN) from the Customs before the filing of shipping bill for clearance of export good and open a current account in the designated bank for crediting of any drawback amount, and the same has to be registered on the system.

,In case of Non-EDI, the shipping bills or bills of export are required to be filled in the format as prescribed in the Shipping Bill and Bill of Export (Form) regulations, 1991.

An exporter needs to apply different forms of shipping bill/ bill of export for export of duty-free goods, the export of dutiable goods and export under drawback, etc.

,Under EDI System, declarations in the prescribed format are to be filed through the Service Centers of Customs.

A checklist is generated for verification of data by the exporter/CHA.

After verification, the data is submitted to the System by the Service Center operator, and the System makes a Shipping Bill Number, which is endorsed on the printed checklist and returned to the exporter/CHA.

In most of the cases, a Shipping Bill is processed by the system based on declarations made by the exporters without any human intervention.

Where the Appraiser Dock (export) orders for samples to be drawn and tested, the Customs Officer may proceed to draw two examples from the consignment and enter the particulars thereof along with details of the testing agency in the ICES/E system.

,Any correction/amendments in the check list generated after the filing of the declaration can be made at the service center if the documents have not yet been submitted in the system and the shipping bill number has not been generated.

In situations, where corrections are required to be made after the generation of the shipping bill number or after the goods have been brought into the Export Dock, amendments are carried out in the following manners.

,1.

The products have not yet been allowed let export changes may be permitted by the Assistant Commissioner (Exports).

,2.

Where the Let Export order has already been given, amendments may be permitted only by the Additional/Joint Commissioner, Custom House, in charge of the export section.

,In both the cases, after the permission for amendments has been granted, the Assistant Commissioner / Deputy Commissioner (Export) may approve the changes on the system on behalf of the Additional /Joint Commissioner.

Where the print out of the Shipping Bill has already been generated, the exporter may first surrender all copies of the shipping bill to the Dock Appraiser for cancellation before the amendment is approved on the system.

,ix.

Customs House AgentsExporters may avail services of Customs House Agents licensed by the Commissioner of Customs.

They are professionals and facilitate work connected with the clearance of cargo from Customs.

,x.

DocumentationFTP 2015-2020 describe the following mandatory documents for import and export.

,u00b7 Bill of Lading/ Airway bill,u00b7 Commercial invoice cum packing list,u00b7 shipping bill/ bill of export/ bill of entry (for imports),(Other documents like certificate of origin, inspection certificate, etc.

may be required as per the case.

),xi.

Submission of documents to BankAfter shipment, it is obligatory to present the documents to the Bank within 21 days for onward dispatch to the foreign Bank for arranging payment.

Papers should be drawn under Collection/Purchase/Negotiation under L/C as the case may be, along with the following documents,- Bill of Exchange,- Letter of Credit (if the shipment is under L/C),- Invoice,- Packing List,- Airway Bill/Bill of Lading,- Declaration under Foreign Exchange,- Certificate of Origin/GSP,- Inspection Certificate, wherever necessary,- Any other document as required in the L/C or by the buyer or statutorily.

,xii.

Realization of Export ProceedsAs per FTP 2015-2020, all export contracts and invoices shall be denominated either in the freely convertible currency of Indian rupees, but export proceeds should be realized in freely convertible currency except for export to Iran.

,Export proceeds should be realized in 9 months.

I hereby authorize letter

Authorization letter to bank

No need to write any letter just inform the branch employee that you wonu2019t be there to receive your ATM pin and to keep it with them till you come back from your outing.

Authorization letter to file complaint

My husband was almost scammed by a u201cwork at home scheme many years ago.

We narrowly missed being swindled out of several thousand, but in the end had no loss.

Angrily I posted our story on several websites that specialized in outing scammers to warn others about this particular company.

They proceeded to threaten one of the site owners so egregiously that he literally shut his site down for fear of being sued by their lawyers.

Eventually the company turned to the source, calling me with threats of a lawsuit for defamation if I didnt take down my complaints.

Apparently I had put a dent in their u201cbusiness! I didnt back down and continued to post the truth about them everywhere I could.

,A few weeks later, my husband and I received a summons in the mail.

We were being sued by the company for defamation and were to appear in court in the state they were located, thousands of miles away.

I sought legal advice and was told they had to sue us in our own jurisdiction.

A letter to the court, the suit was dropped, and they were out however much they had paid to file the suit.

,But they persisted, because I persisted, posting every day about their scam.

A month or so later, we received another summons, this time in our jurisdiction.

I wasnt worried because nothing I had written about our experience was untrue, and truth is the perfect defense against a defamation case.

,A few weeks before we were scheduled to appear in court, we discovered the company had been raided by federal authorities and the owner imprisoned.

Ha!,I wrote an email to the local attorney the company had hired to represent them: u201cGiven that your sleazy client is currently rotting in a cell for the crime of scamming people, which Ive been saying all along, may we presume they have dropped the defamation suit against us?u201d,Funny, they never answered.

,UPDATE: Since several people asked, I looked up our court case because I couldnt remember the name of the company.

Heres an article about Bankcard Empire and the scum they arrested.

Simple authorization letter

Unless your situation involves specific legal requirements of some kind, an authorisation letter needs no particular word as long as the intent of the authorisation can readily be seen or understood from the words.

,Example (at the simplest):-,To whom it may concern:We hereby authorise [full name of person being authorised] to carry out the following matters on our behalf:- [list].

This authorisation commences on [date] and expires on [date].

This authorisation was given on [date] by the Undersigned.

Yours faithfullyn[Company name]A.

N.

Othern[Position]nDirect telephone line: (123) 456-7890Just for interest, here is another kind of authorisation that might be suitable for some matters that involves a more general level of control:-,Re: Project 2015/123 Bigga Biscuits (EMEA Markets)The general operation of Project 2015/123 shall be under the general direction and supervision of [full name of person being authorised], [job position, department, etc], with immediate effect.

This authorisation is given by John Smith, CEO, on [date].

You get the general idea.