Refresher, The difference between dynamic microphones and condenser microphones?

Condenser Microphone

The other answers here posted here are great, let me add a bit more color.

,If you are a singer with a very soft voice, a condenser mic may be a better choice.

If you belt out the tunes or are doing work on stage in a noisy environment, youu2019d absolutely want a dynamic mic.

,If you are in a conference room and want to pick up all the sound in the room, youu2019d want a condenser mic.

,Dynamic mics are great for having a wide dynamic range and for picking up sounds only when you are very close to the mic.

So they shut out any background noise.

Key for concerts!,As for windscreens, the ones ON the mic are what you want if you are a podcaster since it will eliminate the pops and give your sound more bass.

But if you are a singer (so want to preserve high frequencies), youu2019d use the screens that are in front of the mic instead.

,If you are using a condenser mic, the pop filter should be around 4u2033 from the mic and you should be at around 2u2033 from the pop filter.

,Distance to the mic makes a huge difference.

For a dynamic mike, you want to be very close (like 1u2033).

For a condenser mic, ideally you want to be around 6u2033 away.

The closer you get to the mic, the higher the bass will be picked up by the mic and the richer the sound.

For a condenser mic, youu2019d want to be at least 1u2033 away.

,So if you can do post processing, or realtime equalization, what you are doing is compensating for the distance the the mic, and/or the acoustic qualities of the room.

So if you want to (or need to) be a foot away from a condenser mic (to keep it off camera for example), then youu2019ll want to increase the low frequencies to compensate for your distance.

The further away from the mic you are, the greater the compensation to make it sound u201cthe same.

u201d,Condenser mics require a bias voltage, so-called phantom boxes, to work (unless they are USB in which case that is built in).

,Dynamic mics require no external power; you can use an XLRu2192 USB cable and plug it right into your computer.

Youu2019ll need to boost the signal by around 15 dB when you do that.

However, itu2019s easier just to get a condenser USB mic and not have to worry about the cable and boost is already do.



Shure microphones

The popularity of Shure microphones is driven by several distinct characteristics.

Their most famous dynamic mics, the SM58 and SM57, are tough as nails (literally) and therefore popular among recording engineers who prioritize indestructability (along with relatively low cost).

They are made in the USA, which appeals to a particular clientele.

They have a distinctive sound, which people either love, hate, or canu2019t tell.

The fact that they are dynamic mics contributes to their ruggedness, ability to accept high sound levels (important when recording amplified music), and portability (since they donu2019t need phantom power).

,Having become widely adopted decades ago, in an era when many popular artists and listeners did not have highly trained ears or a sophisticated reference template for accurate recorded sound, the distinctive sound of those Shure microphones became - by default - u201ctheu201d sound associated with certain genres of music, an association which subsequently has perpetuated their popularity (somewhat like the QWERTY keyboard on typewriters and computers).

One sees this pattern in the comments of many recording engineers even today who love those mics as having the u201crightu201d sound for the genre (along with being relatively inexpensive).

,However, the SM58 and SM57 microphones do not come close to delivering accurate, natural sound.

This is not my opinion; it is an objective, measurable, publicly reported fact, that is also subjectively obvious to anyone with trained ears.

So, whether this makes them overrated or not will depend on each useru2019s goals and criteria.

If someone is seeking accurate, natural sound, there are other microphones better suited to that task.

Shureu2019s other dynamic microphones include some models that mimic the sound of the SM58 / SM57, as well as some - like their condenser microphones - that are intended to offer more neutral sound.

In those applications, it is necessary to compare the sound of their u201cneutralu201d models against the sound of competitorsu2019 microphones within a particular price range, because published specifications - and even published frequency response curves - cannot adequately characterize the actual sound.

,The commercial success of other microphone manufacturers suggests that, according to the u201cmarket test,u201d Shure microphones do not command a unanimous consensus of quality or value over all other microphones, in general.

Recording engineers who specialize in classical recording (either symphonic or chamber music), or in some other genres, typically use other brands.

Neumann, Telefunken, Sennheiser, DPA (or its predecessor B&K), and AKG are among the more popular of the famous brands for those applications.

These brands tend to be much more expensive than Shure, however, raising a question of u201capples versus orangesu201d in drawing a comparison.