What is criminal justice
The criminal justice system consists of Police, Courts and Corrections.
Each section plays a part in the administration of law and order and justice for all , both criminal and victim.
,The police apprehend the criminal when there is probable cause for arrest.
The alleged criminal is entitled to a trial in the courts where guilt must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt.
When guilt has been proven before a jury of the defendants peers and all legal appeals have been exhausted the guilty is sentenced and if there is a sentence imposed, they are under the control of the Department of Corrections to serve their sentence.
Sentence can be Probation or incarceration.
Unless there is a sentence with no parole , there is a possibility of early release with parole .
Prison could be a place of rehabilitation or it could be a school where one comes out a more educated, hardened criminal.
No system is perfect and one is presumed to be innocent until proven guilty.
In any system with human beings involved, mistakes in perception and judgment will be made.
This is a simplified explanation of a complex system with many variables but it is the best we have and it is a protection against a lawless society.
Justice delayed is Justice denied.
Similarities between criminology and criminal justice
Itu2019s a combination of elements.
,Statistically, men commit more crimes than women:,Statistics have been consistent in reporting that men commit more criminal acts than women.
Self-reported delinquent acts are also higher for men than women across many different actions.
Burton, et al.
(1998) found that low levels of self-control are associated with criminal activity.
In addition to that,,u2026 females are less involved in serious offence categories, and they commit less harm.
Womens acts of violence, compared to those of men, resulting in fewer injuries and less serious injuries.
Their property crimes usually involve less monetary loss or less property damage - Gender and Crime - Differences Between Male And Female Offending PatternsImage source: Crime by Gender - The Sociology of CrimeSo, overall, women commit fewer crimes (usually accounting for less than 20% of overall arrests) and when they do commit crimes, theyu2019re often on the lesser end of the offending scale (accounting for less than 15% of violent of crimes.
That means that theyu2019re less likely to spend time in prison or will receive shorter sentences for the crimes committed.
,How ever, when men and women are convicted of the exact same offence (with matching severity), men are more likely to receive a prison sentence or a longer sentence than women.
In New Zealand, one study showed that u201ceven when relevant sentencing factors are held constant, men are between eight and 26 per cent more likely than women to receive custodial prison sentencesu201d.
(**This is unjust and needs to be addressed.
)So itu2019s a combination of things.
Men commit significantly more crimes than women, their offending is on the serious end of the scale, which leads to significantly more men in the prison system and in addition to that, overall, theyu2019re more likely to be sentenced or given longer sentences than women.
Criminology and criminal justice jobs
Thanks for the A2A, Gober Millford.
,Here are a few of the many jobs that you can get with a degree in CJ.
This is not an exchaustive list, so use it accordingly.
,Probation Officer,Forensic Science Technician,Police Officer,Correctional Officer,Private Detective,Fish and Game Warden,Security Guard,State Trooper,Crime Scene Investigator,Computer Forensics Investigator,There are many more jobs that are available, and there is an even bigger selection of jobs outside of CJ and Criminology that you can get a job in.
Remember, the point of the degree is often to show you have the competency to complete tasks involving critical thinking, analysis, reasoning, and many other qualities.
Relationship between criminology and criminal justice
Criminology is the study of criminal behavior.
It is used to ascertain exactly what is happening, without the perpetrators knowledge, and most definitely without their consent.
It is a complex game which most people canu2019t participate in.
It requires emotional intelligence, and as much education as humanly possible.
I have nearly 4 degrees: art, art history, music and biology.
In that well educated world I am but a dilettante.