Why was Caesarea Maritima important?

Caesarea Maritima

The city was populated throughout the 1st to 6th centuries AD and became an important early centre of Christianity during the Byzantine period, but it was destroyed during the Muslim conquest of 640, after which it lost its importance.

Caesarea National Park map

One thing I like to do is take a walk in the countrys ultra-orthodox areas, In particular, Rabbi-Akiva Street in Bnei Brak and the Meah Shearim neighborhood in Jerusalem.

Youll feel like youve stepped into another dimension, or gone back in time.

While I recommend both places, the former is more commercial and you can get more souvenirs, while the latter is first and foremost a residential neighborhood.

While youre there, you can try cholent, which is one of the most fundamental dishes of the Jewish kitchen, but often ignored in the secular restaurant scene where looks are as important as taste.

Lets just say cholent isnt among the most.

.

.

uh.

.

.

visually appealing dishes.

You can also try Kugel, Rugelach, or a famous Viznich Challah.

,If you do this, make sure you dress modestly: dont wear a tank top or even a shirt with very short sleeves.

Try to avoid shorts that day.

Nobody is going to say anything if you dont, but they might feel a bit uncomfortable.

,Another possibility, if youre into hiking, is to try the Israeli National Trail for a day or two.

Its a continuous trail that goes from north to south and includes some of the best scenery the country has to offer (though it neglects the Golan and the Jerusalem Hills).

The trail is divided into segments, each one about a dayu2019s hike long.

In between the segments are designated campsites where you can sleep safely.

,Another option is to look for u2018trail angels, people whose homes are near the trail and who are happy to take you in for the night.

Its a great chance to meet real Israelis in their own homes.

There are lists of trail angels online that are always being updated.

Dont worry about speaking English, theyll probably speak conversational English at the very least.

,Specific points of interest on the Israel Trail:,Mount Tabor - a very steep mountain north of the Jezreel Valley.

Instead of going around it, the Israel Trail will have you ascend to the top.

Its not a very long climb, but it is a physical challenge to be sure.

,Rashbis tomb - Rashbi, or Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai, is a Jewish sage from the Tanaic period (first and second centuries AD) who is believed to be buried just outside the Israeli town of Meron.

His tomb marks the end of one of the Israel Trails shortest segments.

If youre interested in seeing a bunch of Israeli wackos and kabbalists, you may find it interesting.

(If youre interested in Kabbalah and mysticism, the old City of Zafed is a destination you may want to consider.

) Theres also a pizza place that serves hikers a few minutes walk downhill from the tomb.

If you continue to take the Israel Trail south of the tomb youll enter Nachal Amud, another segment.

Most of the Nachal Amud hike is by a stream, so you can stop to take a dip if you get tired.

,Theres a part of the trail that passes through Tel Aviv along the Yarkon stream, then exits the city and continues to follow the Yarkon all the way to Mekorot Hayarkon, the springs from which the stream flows.

This part of the trail is so flat and easy you can bike it.

You can rent a pair of bikes in Tel Aviv, say by the promenade, then follow the Israel Trail all the way to the springs and back, for an experience thats half urban and half natural.

,Besides the Israel Trail, Israel is full of hiking trails.

You can always buy a map and call the Israeli Nature and Parks Authority for advice on where to go, based on the latest weather forecasts.

I recommend the Ramon Crater and Ein Gedi.

,Most people who visit Israel will go to the beach at some point.

While there are terrific urban beaches in all beach cities, complete with beach chairs, towel service and establishments like bars and seaside restaurants, I find the best beaches to be the ones outside the cities.

You can try Palmachim Beach, Nitzanim Beach, or Dor Habonim Beach.

If you choose the latter, perhaps consider taking a little detour to see the historic Hameyasdim Street in Zichron Yaakov.

Its a famous spot for wine-tasting if youre into that sort of thing.

Its also a great way to learn about the first Moshavot (19th-century settlements).

,Another beach to consider is the Aquaduct Beach in Caesarea which has ancient Roman ruins scattered all around it.

,Though its fun to walk off the beaten track, some of the popular tourist spots really are worth it, like the Dead Sea (try to find a spot to swim in the northern lake, its much better than the southern one), Masada (if you can, ascend it at night and watch the sunrise from the top), Tel Aviv (old Jaffa and the harbor at night) and Jerusalem (the old city, Jaffa Street, Machane Yehuda).

,If you need any tips, feel free to message me!

Caesarea Restaurants

Yes it is true.

When Austro-Hungary occupied Bosnia, the emigration of Bosniaks began.

The best example is the city of Caesarea.

In 1884, Bosniak immigrants settled there establishing a small fishing village.

In 1940, kibbutz Sdot Yam was established next to the Bosniak village.

In February 1948, the Bosniak village was conquered by a Palmach unit commanded by Yitzhak Rabin, its people already having fled following an earlier attack by the Lehi paramilitary group.

Caesarea lay in ruins until the nineteenth century, when the village of Qisarya (Arabic: u0642u064au0633u0627u0631u064au0629) was established in 1884 by Bushnaks (Bosniaks) - immigrants from Bosnia, who built a small fishing village on the ruins of the fortified Crusader city.

,A population list from about 1887 showed that Caesarea had 670 inhabitants, in addition to 265 Muslim inhabitants, who were noted as Bosniaks.

,Petersen, visiting the place in 1992, writes that the nineteenth-century houses were built in blocks, generally one story high (with the exception of the house of the governor.

) Some houses on the western side of the village, near the sea, have survived.

There were a number of mosques in the village in the nineteenth century, but only one (The Bosnian mosque) has survived.

This mosque, located at the southern end of the city, next to the harbor, is described as a simple stone building with a red-tiled roof and a cylindrical minaret.

In 1992 it was used as a restaurant and as a gift shop.

,Bosnian mosque in Caesarea.

,Bushnak (Arabic: u0628u0634u0646u0627u0642u200e, meaning Bosnian or Bosniak, also transliterated Bushnaq, Boshnak, Bouchenak and Bouchnak) is a surname common among Levantines of Bosniak origin.

Those sharing this surname are the descendants of Bosniaks apprehensive of living under Christian rule after the Austro-Hungarian occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1878, who emigrated to Ottoman Syria.

,While not originally from one family, most Bosniaks who emigrated to the Levant adopted Bushnak as a common surname, attesting to their origins.

Bushnak is also used colloquially among Palestinians to refer to someone who is fair-skinned and good looking.

,Notable people bearing the surnameAli Bushnaq, Palestinian Mount Everest climberRamez Bushnak (1976-2000), an Israeli Arab civilian shot dead by Israeli police during the Second IntifadaSuzan Bushnaq (born 1963), Kuwaiti painter, daughter of Mohammed Bushnaq,Suad Bushnaq, Jordanian-Canadian film composer,Mohammed Bushnaq (born 1934), Palestinian artist (painter and sculptor),Lotfi Bouchnak (born 1952), Tunisian singer,Hamid Bouchnak (born 1969), Moroccan rau00ef singer,Laura Boushnak (born 1976), Kuwaiti-born Palestinian photographer,Here is an interesting interview from Laura Boushnak:

Caesarea National Park hours

What a question! Where to start?!,Jerusalems Old City: You need three days to see it, heres a little:n,Ramparts Walk - you can experience a huge portion of the Old City in a few hours.

,City of David - just outside the Old City, this may be the best site in Israel.

Archeologists have spent the last 12 years revealing the original city of King David, its simply incredible.

,Western Wall Tunnels.

You can view the foundation stones of the temples outer walls from 2000 years ago which were built by King Herrod; they are huge.

,Jewish Quarter- freed from Jordanian occupation in 1967, the Jewish Quarter in Jerusalem has beautiful architecture, great shopping, and its a good central base to take a breather.

,Herrodian Mansion, the Burnt House, Four Sephardic Synagogues- you will need a few days to take in all of the Old City.

,Christians, the Christian Quarter has INCREDIBLE architecture, and of course serious religious significance as well.

,Muslim Quarter is often overlooked, but it makes for a very interesting tour with a seasoned guide.

,Jerusalems New City: Too much to list! Here are a few:n,Yad Vashem Holocaust Museum.

This was redone a few years ago, it is huge, very intense, and I believe that every human in the world should see it to understand the reality of what took place in the Holocaust.

,Museum on the Seam - an awesome museum taking a peak into the dymanics of Israeli society.

,The Israel Museum - huge, brand new, awesome.

It has a huge model of First Century Jerusalem, the Dead Sea Scrolls Exhibit, art, kids wing, everything for an amazing day.

,Ammunition Hill - Memorial and trenches from the 1967 War.

,The Knesset (Parliment Building) open on Sunday and Thursdays to free tours, it offers an interesting insight into modern Israel.

,Tel Aviv: I love this city, its green, fun, energized!n,Palmach Museum: the fighting force which eventually became the IDF- this is an interactive museum with video and presentations, it is fabulous.

,Israels Coast:Caesarea - King Herods Roman Port City, there are the aqueducts, hippodrome, roman street, and a gorgeous beach!,Atlit - a detainment camp for Jewish refugees entering British Israel.

,Haifa - too much to list: the cable car, port and boat cruises, hikes on the Carmel, Bahai Gardens, etc.

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so much!,Acco (Acre): Crusader remains everywhere! The Knights Hospitallier Halls, the Turkish Baths, Turkish (British) Prison, and great hummous.

,Golan Heights: Hiking, jeeping, wineries, rappelling, relaxing:n,Gamla National Park - the Masada of the North offers hikes, history, an eagle refuge, and Israels highest waterfall.

,Mount Bental & The Valley of Tears - learn about the 1973 war and tank battles with Syria.

,Kalat Nimrod National Park - gorgeous hike and views.

,Mount Hermon - the ski lift runs year round, also for hiking in the summer!,Katzrin- a small town with a big winery, talmudic village, and the Golan Heights welcome center.

,Northern & Western Galilee: from the north coast across to Tzfat:,Rosh Hanikra: grottos, cabl;e car, cliffs, beaches, its a great day to chill.

,Keshet Cave (Rainbow Cave) - a natural arch formation- perfect for rappelling, its MUCH bigger and higher than it looks at first.

,Tzfat- the center of Kabballah, the home of the AriZal, R.

Cairo, and other sages, this is the Holy City of Air.

They also have an incredible artists colony in the Old City.

,nThese are just a few much sees, there is so much more, Israel is incredible.

,Shalom StarknIsrael Expert with Shalom Israel Tours

Caesarea port

Herod constructed the port of Caesarea using Roman concrete (which had the volcanic ash, pozzolana) & Roman engineers.

Since that site had no natural harbors, the engineers created breakwaters using two methods.

One was a wooden barge.

It was floated out into the sea.

Then rocks were placed in the barge until it settled in the sea floor.

Then Roman concrete was poured into the submerged barge using bronze tubes.

,The other was to make a double-wall, bottom-less wooden box.

This method was used on the northern breakwater.

Which wasnt hit as hard by waves as the southern one.

The gap between the double walls were filled with Roman concrete.

Which sank the box.

The space in the middle was filled with giant rocks & Roman concrete.

,Over the centuries, the philipsite in the pozzolana reacted with seawater to form tobermorite.

Which is stronger than modern concrete.

It took a tsunami to destroy the harbor.

Tel Aviv to Caesarea

[A2A] Kind ofu2014but not really.

,For starters, there isnu2019t enough room.

It may be difficult for North Americans (or even Europeans) to get their head around this, but at its narrowest pointu2014a little north of Tel-Avivu2014Israel proper measures only 9 miles wide (about 15km) between the sea and Green Line marking the boundary of the West Bank.

,The western u2018corridoru2019 to Jerusalem, between the upper and lower halves of the West Bank u2018kidneyu2019, measures a mere 5 miles (8km).

,Although Israeli governments since 1967 have done their darndest to erase all vestiges of the Green Line by encouraging construction over and past the old border (and renaming the West Bank u2018Judea and Samariau2019), in reality 93% of Jewish Israelis still live within the old bordersu2014which means that the vast majority of people inevitably live in apartment buildings:,The only Jewish Israelis who live in proper single-family-dwelling houses are in upmarket neighbourhoods, such as Afeka and Tzahalah in northern Tel-Aviv, and Ramat-Hen in Ramat-Gan; exclusive satellite communities such as Caesarea, Herzliyah Pituah, Savyon.

,[ADDENDUM:] But in most of these cases, weu2019re talking not of spacious houses on open, 1/4 acre (~1000 sq.

m ~ 10,000 sq.

ft.

) lots, but small, two- or three-storey houses, cheek by jowl, on lots not much bigger than their footprint (125 sq.

m, or 1/32 acre), surrounding by 7ft walls for privacyu2014like this one:,In the past twenty years, many middle-class, younger Israelis have twigged that they and their children would have a better quality of life if they moved to one of the rural villages (known as kibbutzim or moshavim).

My wife and I did so twenty years ago when our boys were born, by simply renting an empty 2-bedroom, 2000 sq.

ft.

bungalow on a u00bc acre of land, a few miles out of Tel-Aviv, for only $1000 a month.

By American standards, it looks pretty scruffy, but compared to the pokey, 1-bedroom apartment we had been living in in Tel-Aviv proper (for $600 a month), it was paradise:,But these are rural villages, not American-style suburbs: at the end of our street, there was a little horse farm; our boysu2019 preschool stood next to an active orange orchard, and we had fields at back of the house.

Hereu2019s a pic of our street:,This comes at the price of a much longer commuteu2014but then, thatu2019s true of suburban commuters everywhere.