5 characteristics of a global city
Tesla Model S,2.
Global satellite Wi-Fi,9.
Mars colonization ,10.
The only attribute that counts: he will stop at nothing to change the world
What is a global city
Telltale signs/marks etc.
are that clearly show something has happened or exists, often something that is a secret.
For Example, They examined the child carefully, looking for telltale signs of abuse.
What is the importance of global city
Such questions are ambiguous.
If we are talking about state [the systems & government] pretty much all the old civilizations have had their present state created recently.
Peopleu2019s Republic of China in 1949, Republic of India in 1947, Arab Republic of Egypt in 1953, Islamic republic of Iran in 1979.
By that yardstick, Japan is among the oldest - as the present state is a near continuation over the past 2500 years.
,We could be talking about the country - a fairly distinct geographic entity that has not changed much over time.
Over the millenia, Chinau2019s shape had dramatically changed, for instance.
The original empire unified by Qin is not more than a sixth of the present territory.
Same for India and other civilizations.
Egypt could be the oldest by that metric as its rough shape and territory has not changed much over the past 4000 years.
The region around the lower Nile was almost always a single entity.
,In terms of most passion for a common political identity, it is probably China and Iran - who have both resisted political fragmentation and outside rule with greater ferocity than most other ancient civilizations [even though these two nations have also come under foreign rule].
,If we go by the civilization, the oldest is Iraq - whose name is that of the Sumerian city of Uruk.
It has been a part of various empires over the past 5000 years, but the region has been pretty much known by the same name [derived from Uruk] for thousands of years.
,If we go by the metric of religion/culture, the oldest is possibly India, whose Vedic religion and Sanskrit language have been a dominant figure over the region for over 3500 years in a near unbroken stretch.
The religion [Vedic as well as other home grown], social systems [such as caste], languages [such as Sanskrit and Tamil], the literature people enjoy [Ramayana, Mahabharata], the symbolisms, festivals, philosophies, marriages have continued nearly intact over thousands of years, even though its state and country shape have changed a lot over time.
,In contrast, the religions, scriptures & literature, primary festivals & rituals and social systems of other old civilizations have changed much more significantly.
What is global city in contemporary world
These are the 5 richest cities according to business insider,5.
Zurich, Switzerland u2014 Arcadis says the Swiss city has a strong reputation as a liveable, contemporary city known for its strong focus on environmentalism as well as world-renowned financial institutions.
Dubai, United Arab Emirates u2014 The incredibly wealthy city is a financial hub for the UAE but Arcadis says that Dubai scores lowest in the planet sub-index largely due to energy consumption, pollution and the lack of available green space.
London, UK u2014 The economic powerhouse keeps Britains capital near the top of the charts but Arcadis says that the Mayor of London has to persuade global businesses that Londonu2019s infrastructure priorities have not changed post-Brexit vote and the city has to address the large differential between its people and profit rankings demonstrates.
Hong Kong u2014 Arcadis notes that Hong Kong has world-class infrastructure, vibrant economy, and a well-educated talent pool, which makes it an amazing place to do business at ease.
On top of that, Arcadis notes that despite being located in a typhoon zone, Hong Kong is a world leader in mitigating the associated risks and rarely suffers significant disruption.
Singapore u2014 The island nation is the wealthiest city in the world but Arcadis warns that it also faces an aging population and a need for greater investment in social infrastructure.
hope this help;
Global city in contemporary world PDF
[PDF] Global Coloniality and the Challenges of Creating African Futures | Semantic ScholarGLOBAL COLONIALITY AND THE CHALLENGES OF CREATING AFRICAN FUTURES,Sabelo J Ndlovu-Gatsheni Department of Development Studies,University of South Africa,This is why Grosfoguel had to articulate the history of denial of black peoples being in the following revealing words:,We went from the sixteenth century characterization of people without writing to the eighteenth and nineteenth century characterization of people without history, to the twentieth century characterization of people without development and more recently, to the early twentyfirst century of characterization people without democracy (Grosfoguel 2007: 214),u2026u2026u2026,Key facts about Africa:,Africa is a continent of 58 countries and territories.
Africa is not a country.
Africa is the second largest continent.
,Africa is divided into 5 geopolitical regions : North Africa, West Africa, Southern Africa, East Africa and Central Africa.
The history of Africa is not a u201csingle historyu201d to be written u201cproperlyu201d.
The African Union has officially added a sixth region : the African diaspora.
The history of Africa is also the history of the African diaspora.
Our global presence is our collective memory.
,In the Eurocentric discourse, Africa has two histories: before and after the Triangular Trade.
Mother Africa, the birthplace of all civilization: the Immortal Kushite Empire founded by Nimrod, the first great ruler, the splendor of ancient Egypt, the greatness of Axum, the Golden Age of the African Moors, the Bright Age of the Golden Kingdoms (Ghana, Mali, Songhay, Monomotapa), the globalized empires, kingdoms and city-states (Mali, Kongo, Benin, Dahomey, Kilwa, Ajuran etc.
) vs Tarzan Africa, the uncivilized continent : Africa is full of preliterate, prenumerate u201cjungle static primitivesu201d and bush savages who never invented the wheel, paved a road, had mariners, made boats, wove a cloth, had buildings, founded a stone city, built a ship, produced a literature, suggested a creed.
,Africa has the longest history of written languages and literacy starting with predynastic hieroglyphs.
But a lot of our indigenous scripts were complex as they combine several forms of writing : pictographic like hieroglyphs, phonographic like alphasyllabaries and logographic like proverb covers.
Some of our scripts have never been studied or deciphered yet by Westerners.
Many Westerners fail to understand that you can write without using letters but geometric forms.
,u2026u2026,I still wonder when our ivory tablets and wooden storyboards that our Kongo ancestors used to record and illustrate our history will be returned to us.
They were stolen by the Portuguese and later the Belgians.
They now sit in the restricted shelves of colonial museums or private collections.
,Writing and Graphic Systems in Art History - Mullen Kreamer, Christine, Nooter Roberts, Mary, Harney, Elizabeth, Purpura, Allyson - LivresThis groundbreaking volume brings together both tradition-based and contemporary African arts to explore the interface between African art and the communicative powers of graphic systems, language and the written word.
It explores the multiple messages and aesthetic intent of works that creatively incorporate script - both for its literal content as well as the beauty of its form.
The catalogue includes 90 exceptional works of art dating from ancient to contemporary times.
Inscribing Meaning celebrates the ingenuity and creativity of African artists from around the continent who bring script and graphic forms of communication into a wide range of artworks.
Readers will learn about Africas long history of written languages and literacy, and the spectacular works of art will illustrate a range of indigenous African writing systems that have received little attention outside of Africa as both visually compelling and historically significant forms of art.
These include everyday and ritual objects, religious painting and manuscripts, protective talismans, commemorative cloth, public and popular arts, and contemporary painting, sculpture, prints, installation art, photography and video.
The volume aims to challenge popular misperceptions that do not recognise Africas contributions to the global history of writing, and to foster dialogue with and expand the readers ideas about what it means to be knowledgeable, educated, and literate.
This book will be particularly valuable to scholars and students of art history, history, fine arts, African and African American studies, linguistics and anthropology.
com: UNESCO General History of Africa, Vol.
II, Abridged Edition: Ancient Africa (v.
2) (9780520066977): Mokhtar, G.
: BooksVolume II of this acclaimed series is now available in an abridged paperback edition.
The result of years of work by scholars from all over the world, The UNESCO General History of Africa reflects how the different peoples of Africa view their civilizations and shows the historical relationships between the various parts of the continent.
Historical connections with other continents demonstrate Africas contribution to the development of human civilization.
Each volume is lavishly illustrated and contains a comprehensive bibliography.
,General History of Africa CollectionGeneral History of Africa Collection,This groundbreaking work was the first of its type to present the entire history of the African continent.
The collection sheds light on the pre-colonial era and interweaves Africau2019s destiny with the rest of humanityu2019s, examining its interaction with other continents and the role of Africans in the dialogue between civilizations.
The entire collection is published in eight volumes:,Volume I - Methodology and African Prehistory This volume outlines the sources and materials from which African history has been constructed and describes the research methodology employed by historians.
It also deals with the development of prehistoric art and early agricultural techniques in the different regions of the continent.
,Volume II - Ancient Civilizations of Africa This volume covers the period from the end of the Neolithic era to the beginning of the seventh century of our era.
This period of some 9,000 years of history has been sub-divided into four major geographical zones, following the pattern of African historical research.
The chapters cover the corridor of the Nile, Egypt and Nubia, Ethiopian highlands, Magrhib and its Saharan hinterland, the rest of Africa as well as some of the islands of the Indian Ocean.
,Volume III - Africa from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century This volume deals with the interactions between the new civilization, with its substantial religious component, African cultural traditions and the Bantu expansion, which changed the demographic and language map of central and southern Africa.
,Volume IV - Africa from the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Century This volume outlines the development of the great empires and kingdoms (Mali, Songhay, Almohads, etc.
), the expansion of Islam, the extension of trading relations, cultural exchanges and human contacts; the development of kingdoms and empires.
,Volume V - Africa from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century This period is marked by the end of the great indigenous empires and the early contacts with Europeans.
The system of exploitation of Africas human resources by Europe and America known as the slave trade was put in place and lasted throughout these three centuries.
,Volume VI - Africa in the Nineteenth Century until the 1880s Major revolutions took place in Africa during this period: the Mfecane in southern Africa and the Islamic revolutions in West Africa resulted in the emergence of new States.
This volume examines the major forces at work in African society at the beginning of the century, Africas changing role in the world economy, new trends and processes, and the effects of the abolition of the slave trade.
,Volume VII - Africa under Colonial Domination 1880-1935 Africa was partitioned and colonized by the Europeans.
After military conquest came the commercial exploitation of the wealth of Africa.
The intensity of resistance to colonization varied from one region to another, but a new economic and social system linked with colonization was put in place, bringing about unprecedented demographic and political change.
,Volume VIII - Africa since 1935 This volume examines the period from 1935 to the present day.
As liberation from colonial rule progresses, the political, economic and cultural dimensions of the continent are analysed.
The main aspects of the ideals, expectations and struggles that forges the history of contemporary Africa are also outlined.
,A new page in the General History of AfricaThe International Scientific Committee of UNESCOu2019s General History of Africa, which met in Belo Horizonte (Brazil) from 25 to 28 March, finalized the drafting of the next three volumes of the collection, to be published in 2020.
,These new volumes (IX,X and XI) enrich the collection published by UNESCO between 1964 and 1999.
They reflect the events that have taken place on the continent since the end of apartheid in South Africa and the contributions of diasporas.
The volumes reflect the work of 200 authors who have developed the concept of Global Africa, which describes the links between Africans on the continent and people of African descent in South, Central and North America, the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean, the Middle East and elsewhere.
,u2026u2026,The General History of Africa is published in 13 languages, including English, French, Portuguese and Arabic, as well as three African languages (Fulfulde, Hausa and Kiswahili).
Global city essay
What is a global city?,A city-state, like San Marino or the Vatican City?,A city with a unique feature, like Hollywood or Orlando?,(Yahoo) u2026 or even a city as prosaic as Trenton, New Jersey?,Once we have a working definition, we could think about the structure and features of the essay.
Recalling from our years in academe, let us use the IRAC method.
,Issue,Is City X a global city?,Rule,A global city is a center of population with the following features:,feature 1,,feature 2,,feature 3, and so on.
,Analysis:,City X is/isnu2019t a global city because:,test for presence or absence of feature 1,,test for presence or absence of feature 2,,test for presence or absence of feature 3, and so on.
,Conclusion:,City X is/isnu2019t a global city, for the reasons explained above.