What are the most interesting facts about the Battle of Peleliu?

Average temperature in the Philippines per month

It was the first major battle in which the Japanese employed much harsher tactics instead of the traditional Bushido tactics.

This meant that wasteful Banzai charges were not allowed, complete concealment was implemented at all times and that every Japanese soldier had to fight to the death.

,The Japanese first developed crude, ad-hoc naval shell launchers on Peleliu which could cause tremendous damage to infantry and tanks.

,The caves positions in the mountains on Peleliu varied greatly in quality.

Some were only 3ft in size and required you to crawl through them, only large enough for 1 man.

Others could house up to 1,000 men, had multiple stories, electrical appliances and had observation decks that had a view of the whole island from 300+ feet up.

There were at least 500 caves like this in the mountains alone.

,Initially, the mountains in the center of the island that inflicted so many casualties on Marines and soldiers alike for over 2 months were initially though to be two gently sloped hills with vegetation covering them.

In reality, there were a series on at the least, 15+ ridges, cliffs, canyons and sinkholes composed of cement-hard coral with little vegetation anywhere.

Some of these sheer wall and cliffs rose upwards of 300ft.

,Up until the landing at Peleliu, the 1st Marine Division never encountered a heavily opposed landing.

Guadalcanals landing in 1942 was met with nothing, and Cape Gloucesters landing in 1943 was met with mostly nothing except for a small skirmish.

During the Peleliu landing, LVTs (landing crafts) full of Marines were being blown out of the water at a rate of at least 2 per minute.

The beach was raked by intense artillery and machine gun fire and was laced with mines.

The landing cost the Marines 1,111 men.

,The only freshwater anywhere on the island was at a massive sinkhole filled with runoff water called Grinlinton pond which was in the dead center of a heavily defended area called horseshoe valley.

Once the Marines and Army captured the area, floodlights were set up around the pond to prevent the Japanese from getting anymore water.

Since Japanese reinforcements were little more than a fantasy, the Japanese didnt really have much water for the remaining time in the mountains.

,As for the Marines, many of them drank all of their water from their two canteens on the morning of D-Day, September 15th because of the fact that the temperature sored to 110u00b0F that day.

Water could not be supplied until the next day and was delivered in 55 gallon drums.

The water in these drums however was contaminated with crude oil, and anyone who dared to drink it fell ill.

As the temperature on the second day went up to around 120u00b0F, an undetermined amount of casualties mounted from heat prostration.

It was not until the end of the second day and after, that Marines received fresh water from both ships and wells that engineers dug out around the beach.

,Out of the 10,900 Japanese soldiers of the 14th Peleliu Garrison, only 202 survived the battle, and of them only 19 were actually Japanese, the rest being conscripts from Korea, Okinawa and the Philippines.

,Peleliu was one of the first and only battles during WW2 to use air-dropped napalm.

This helped to clear vegetation and burn out/suffocate Japanese soldiers high up in the mountains.

,Even with complete US air superiority at least one Japanese sea-plane successfully dropped a bomb near the Eastern shore of the island, however, the bomb didnt hit anything of significance.

,The first casualties of Peleliu were those of both bombers and fighters shot down over the island well before the invasion.

At least one survivor of either a B-17 or B-24 was captured by the Japanese, brought to Peleliu and was presumably tortured and beheaded.

An avenger torpedo bomber plane was also brought down over the island and crashed into Popes ridge (east mountain) where it still sits.

,The HBO miniseries, The Pacific covers this battle in 3 of its episodes following real veterans of the battle (Eugene Sledge and Robert Leckie etc.

) with their books about the battle as inspiration.

Many games also featured this battle including Call of Duty World at War, Forgotten Hope 2, various Arma 3 maps, various Men of war Assault Squad 2 maps, FarCry 5 community maps and Rising Storm.

,The island was initially thought to be a good place to cover the right flank of the Philippines since the US planned to invade the Philippines after Peleliu.

As it turned out, it was mostly agreed that the island would be useless as the Japanese air power in that region was overestimated initially and that a landing would not be very costly.

Unfortunately, by the time orders were to be changed to cancel the invasion of Peleliu, the invasion fleet was already well underway.

,The battle was estimated to only last from September 15th 1944 through to about the 17th or 18th.

It in-fact lasted from September 15th up to November 27th.

,The last Japanese soldiers hid out in the caves deep within the mountains of the island until 1947.

Initially some time in mid March, 33 Japanese holdouts lead by Ei Yamaguchi attacked a Marine patrol in a village with a brief firefight and grenades.

Although another Japanese soldier, Keiji Nagai found an American news magazine sitting on a beach discussing the wars end years ago, the holdouts remained in the northern mountains.

It is reported thanlt a Japanese soldier was even shot for trying to surrender.

It was not until a high ranking Japanese commander was brought to the island to prove the war was over did the holdouts surrender.

There was a formal ceremony and its considered by some to be the last formal capitulation of ww2.

,The island was never used significantly throughout the rest of the war despite the costly victory of both US Marines and Soldiers.

,Celebrity Bob Hope performed a special show for the Marines on Pavuvu who were about to leave to invade Peleliu.

He did this because he knew the invasion would be very costly and wanted to boost their morale.

,Peleliu was one of the first battles in which African American Marines were allowed to play a crucial role in front-line combat.

These were the Montford Point Marines which were apart of both the 16th ammo depot company and the 11th Marines detachment.

These black Marines helped reinforce the 7th Marine Regiment in the southern part of the island in several Japanese counter attacks.

They also supplied ammunition, provided artillery fire and acted as stretcher teams.

Additionally, they helped reinforce the 1st Marines in the ridges and when black Marines were mocked by some Army troops, their white Marine colleagues defended them fiercely.

,The u201cshortest bombing run in historyu201d happened on Peleliu several times.

F4U Corsairs on the airfield took off to drop napalm or other ordinances onto the ridges and mountains only several hundred yards away from the airfield.

Ground to target time was between 10 and fifteen seconds.

It was so short that many pilots never actually retracted their landing gear.

,Japanese snipers on Peleliu were expert shots, wounding Marines at up to 600 yards (1,800 ft),Japanese soldiers on Peleliu were composed of standard infantry and Manchurian veterans, a few of whom were well over 6ft tall and muscular.

Probably an unsettling site for your average Marine who would have been only about 5 ft 9 or shorter.

Added to this fact, Japanese soldiers were often depicted as being frail and under 5ft 6, so you can imagine the shock.

,At one point, the massive multi-runway airfield on Peleliu was considered u201cthe best in Asiau201d.

,At some point during the battle, troops hooked up a 300ft.

long fire hose to a fuel truck.

They proceeded to pour gasoline into Japanese filled caves using this hose and ignited it.

,During the battle, the Japanese somehow managed to drop a few leaflets via airplane onto Marine positions to try to decrease morale.

,The airfield administration building on Peleliu, a two story reinforced concrete building supported by pillars that was contested by Marines and Japanese during the airfield crossing was forever immortalized in Call of Duty Zombies.

The basis for the first ever zombies map u201cNacht Der Untotenu201d used this exact building as a safehaven for players and has seen several iterations in several Cod games.

,Aside from within underground cave systems, the Japanese used bicycles very early on and even before the battle to move around the island.

,Although suicidal attacks such as banzai charges were entirely banned in exchange for tactical inland defense, individual attacks were still carried out.

Some of the most notable were when Japanese soldiers wearing bombs threw themselves at American M4 Sherman tanks and efficiently knocked them out of action.

,After constant fighting and getting virtually nowhere while trying to fire at the Japanese in their fortified caves, the troops eventually took to bulldozing temporarily knocked out caves with the help of USN Seabees.

If the caves werent bulldozed, they were blown up and collapsed, trapping Japanese underneath and behind the rubble.

Many of these caves have remained sealed since and can no longer be found due to the heavy vegetation now surrounding them.

,Marines on Peleliu threw molotov cocktails into Japanese positions.

This seems very uncharacteristic of troops fighting in the Pacific and is usually more synonymous with Soviet and Finnish troops.

,Marines and Soldiers made a habit of looting Japanese corpses and participated in gruesome acts such as cutting the gold capped teeth out of deceased or paralyzed Japanese troops.

They also collected severed hands and even skulls.

One Soldier on Peleliu even made it a habit of lining the perimeter of his foxhole with Japanese skulls.

,The flametank, which could either sometimes be an LVT(A) or modified M4 Sherman saw its first major use on Peleliu, burning out large swaths of land occupied by the Japanese in a matter of minutes.

In its infancy, this was first tested in the bocage of Normandy France a few months earlier but on Peleliu, the Navy Mk1 flamethrower (as it was called) was used to a deadlier effect.

This success prompted the Marines to use these tanks even more often, most notably at Iwo Jima and Okinawa.

,When the natives of Peleliu were transported off of the island by the Japanese, the island was still covered in lush jungle, but when they returned, the island was so barren that the US had to give the returning natives sun glasses to protect them from the glare that the barren white coral threw up under sunlight.

,There is a manga centered around the experiences of a typical Japanese infantryman on Peleliu called u201cPeleliu Guernica of Paradiseu201d written by Kazuyoshi Takeda.

Although the art style of the manga is supposed to look cute and innocent, its themes are very dark and serious.

,Despite the Japanese generally not being able to reinforce their troops on isolated islands as late in the war as 1944, lacking air, sea or ground troop supremacy, several hundred Japanese were able to land on the island around about September 25th via barge.

Many of these Japanese barges were sunken, but the remaining ones managed to make it to Peleliu to reinforce the 14th Peleliu garrison.

,Ngesias village, a former village located in the mangrove swamps east of Hill 100 on the northeastern section of the island was completely destroyed by US forces weeks prior to the landings.

It was a historic and very important village in Pelelius history dating back to at least the 16th century and by some accounts could house well over 100 people.

The Japanese used it after they moved many of the islanders up to the Northern Palau islands.

Early US photos show traditional longhouses and other buildings in the area before they were blown up.

It is still considered a historic village on Peleliu, although there are almost no ruins left of it.

,Oddly enough, artillery crews sometimes had to engage in close combat due to the narrow nature of the terrain, prompting some of the men to fire field pieces point-blank into the mouths of caves.

They fired so close to their targets that they had to duck to avoid being hit by their own shrapnel.

,The fight for hill 100 on Peleliu was one of the battleu2019s worst engagements.

From the initial landings on White beach 1, C company, 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (C/1/1) was slaughtered from a size of roughly 235 men down to 90 in a matter of two days.

They were ordered to attack a 100 ft.

coral hill on the east side of the island, far from the rest of the front line.

Upon reaching the area below the hill, the Marines had to cross a causeway from which both of their supporting tanks slipped of off, leaving them without tank support.

As they reached the base, they drew heavy fire from the nearby canyon and hills and scurried up the hill in only 10 minutes at a cost of 65 men.

When they reached the top, they discovered it was not a hill, but the beginning of a long ridge with more heavily defended plateaus ahead from which the Japanese fired down on to the Marines from.

During the night, Japanese infiltrators tried to kill the Marines and hand to hand combat ensued with many men being thrown off the cliffsides while other were brutally beaten to death.

In the morning, only 9 Marines were left, forcing them to abandon the position.

Even as they ran off of the hill artillery chased them down and another Marine was killed.

Weather in the Philippines

The 4 climatesThe Climate of the Philippines is either tropical rainforest, tropical savanna or tropical monsoon, or humid subtropical (in higher-altitude areas) characterized by relatively high temperature, oppressive humidity and plenty of rainfall.

,There are two seasons in the country, the wet season and the dry season, based upon the amount of rainfall.

This is dependent as well on your location in the country as some areas experience rain all throughout the year (see Climate Types).

,The seven warmest months of the year are from March to October.

The winter monsoon brings cooler air from November to February.

May is the warmest month, and January, the coolest.

,There are four recognized climate types in the Philippines, and they are based on the distribution of rainfall.

They are described as follows:,Type I.


Two pronounced season: dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year.

,Type II.

No dry season with a pronounced rainfall from November to January.

,Type III.

Seasons are not very pronounced, relatively dry from November to April, and wet during the rest of the year.

,Type IV.

Rainfall is more or less evenly distributed throughout the year.

,There are three recognized seasons: Tag-init or Tag-araw (the hot season or summer from March to May), Tag-ulan (the rainy season from June to November), and Taglamig (the cold season from December to February).

,The humid southwest monsoon (May-October) is known as Habagat.

The cool and dry winds of the northeast monsoon (November April) are called Amihan.

,These seasons can seriously get mixed up by the El Niu00f1o / La Niu00f1a effects.

El Niu00f1o brings dry weather and even droughts.

La Niu00f1a stands for rainy weather and floods.

Average temperature in the Philippines summer

Hi,,I am Shobhit Jayaswal and I have sent 400+ students for studying MBBS abroad in countries such as Ukraine, Russia, the Philippines, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Bangladesh.

I have personally visited the Philippines on multiple occasions and I have sent 100+ students for studying MBBS here.

,There are a lot of pros and cons for studying MBBS in the Philippines but the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.

,High FMGE/MCI Screening Test Passing Percentage:,Between 2012u201319, the Philippines has always been in the top-3 countries in terms of FMGE passing percentage (minimum students who appeared for FMGE - 950).

In 2019, more than 50% Indian graduates from the Philippines managed to clear FMGE.

,This is higher than countries such as Russia, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Belarus, China, Romania, Belize, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Nepal.

,This is obviously because the quality of education is good and the country is very comfortable for Indian students for the following two reasons:,Similar Climate to that of India:,The Philippines has a tropical maritime climate which is similar to that of Mumbai or Kolkata.

The three main seasons are summer, rainy and winter.

The average temperature is around 26.

6 u00b0C.

The coolest month is January and the hottest month is May.

,The temperature does not go below 0 ever in the Philippines.

This means that the students do not have to adjust to the climate which will have to if they go to Europe.

This leads to another advantage,Similar diseases:,As the climate is same, the diseases are also same and therefore, the students are taught about same/similar diseases which are found in India.

This means that the student learns about more relevant topics.


No language problem:,The language in the Philippines is English.

The biggest advantage of studying MBBS in Philippines is English.

,English is the official language in the Philippines.

The school education is in English from class 1 u2013 like in India a/ No new language is needed to be learnt.

Time is spent on medical education and not on language.

,94% of the population speak English.

Students converse with patients fluently u2013 unlike in non-English speaking countries.

,Better learning for students.

Teachers speak good English and can explain well to Students u2013 no communication problems.

,But you have to go through the Pre-medical course:,You cannot get direct admission in the medical course after class 12th.

You will have to enrol in the pre-medical or BS course first.

,Then there is an entrance exam: Any agent who says direct admission is possible in medical course is lying.

You have to sit for NMAT exam and get at least 40 percentile to get admission in MD (MBBS course) course in the Philippines.

The exam is not very tough and with some hard work, you will easily clear it.

,Low fees:,The other obvious reason is that the fees in very affordable and low when compared to colleges in India.

Tuition fee for complete course including pre-medical will be around u20b916u201318 lakh minimum.

Total budget is generally around u20b937u201330 lakh including living expenses.

,Many patients:,During hospital work, medical students get good exposure with many patients in the Philippines as the population is high.

Moreover, you dont have to learn any other language for interaction with patients.

,US & International Job Advantage:,Philippines is the largest supplier of trained nurses & doctors to USA & several other countries.

,Strong culture of giving USMLE & going to the US to practice.

Universities are listed in California Board of Medicine for licensing.

Another advantage to the Philippines.

,Alumni work in USA, UK, Canada, Australia, Singapore, Gulf etc.

Good for networking and linkages for jobs.

Philippines weather year round

Have spent the majority of my time in Philippines over the last 10 years,Life is good when you have great expat friends.

Your will also make local friends.

,You can live on any type of budget and find any standard of living you can imagine.

,Filipino are happy, friendly easy going people.

English speaking is a plus.

Roman Catholic 80% of the 105M population.

Road signs in English.

Tagalog is the most used language, along with American English.

,It is a very diverse country of 7k islands, so lots of choices.

Weather varies by location,Depending where your live noise and environmental pollution can be problems.

Security is a emotional drain.

Despite poor infrastructure and poverty your can live life the way you want and be free.

,Long term tourist visa stays are possible up to 3 years, without leaving the country.

Free visa on arrivel for 30 days only.

Over 12 months average visa cost PM about 37USD.

1USD =52.

5 Pesos in Aug 2019.

1 USD gets you a simple meal in a local Restaurant.

,Lots of budget airfares connect you to the rest of the world.

There are frequent domestic air ticket sales around $20USD or 1,000 pesos,Gentlemen beware no matter what your age you will pursued by the ladies and you will have to learn to say no more than yes.

,Weather is hot and tropical with rain all year round.

Typhoons July to October.

,Rainfall: DRY November to May,WET June to October,Temperature: COOL November to February,HOT March to October,Average Temp year round is 26.

6C 80F (Manila Min low 20u2019s and Max low 30u2019s ),The Philippines is a great low cost destination giving your great value for your money, if you like it hot all year round.

,Happy travels

What are the seasons in the Philippines

The Philippines is near the equator.

,The four seasons can only be Del Monte and Dole.

Two seasons in the Philippines

It will be a surprise to many Filipinos that summer is not one of the two seasons in the Philippines.

,Most countries of the world, in fact, have only two seasons.

This is because most countries lie within the tropical zone.

It is the region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, within which, everywhere gets to meet the sun at the zenith (directly overhead) at least once a year at noon.

This region around the equator is generally warm and has limited range in temperature therefore, climate changes are less dramatic compared to other regions.

There are a few countries within the equatorial belt that have 3 or 4 seasons, and some parts have just one.

But most countries, including the Philippines, have two.

,The two seasons in the Philippines are the rainy/wet season and the dry season.

The rainy season happens from May to October, and the dry season can be subdivided based on temperature - cold dry from November to February and hot dry from March to April.

,The hot dry season is the misperceived summer by the Filipinos.

It is inconsistent to any of the descriptions of summer whether astronomical or meteorological, not even to the Google definition of summer to be the warmest season of the year.

Because the warmest time of the year in the Philippines happens when thunderstorms are already frequently experienced which falls in the month of May.

While it may not yet be officially the rainy season, it is no longer dry to still be part of our pseudo-summer.

,Clearly, the Philippine summer is a filipinoism that means the best time of the year to go frolic or just bask near a body of water.

This year, I noticed that our local weather bureau, PAGASA, started making an attempt to correct that notion.

Anyhow, that wonu2019t make this beautiful islands any less of a perfect summer destination with hundreds of awe-inspiring beaches of pristine turquoise waters and powdery white sand.

Rainy season Philippines

It depends on where you live, but in most of Luzon (where foreigners usually land) the season starts in late May, with most typhoons arriving in June and July.

A lull occurs until the temperature drops in December, before summer finally takes over in late February.