What is the oldest civilization on Earth?

Top 5 oldest cities in the world

Civilisation literally means living in cities, where the inhabitants have defined roles and social structure.

The oldest city we know about was u00c7atalhu00f6yu00fck in Anatolia, founded about 9,500 years ago.

,Thatu2019s the oldest we know about, though.

It might not be - indeed probably wasnu2019t - the first large, settled human town but the first (that weu2019ve yet found) that was built out of long-lasting material such as brick and stone.

There may well have been earlier towns which were made of wood or plaited rushes or plain mud, and have rotted away.

,However, you donu2019t have to go much further back than u00c7atalhu00f6yu00fck to find yourself before the dawn of agriculture.

Itu2019s not impossible for hunter-gatherers to live in a settled town if they also live in a very food-rich environment - the First Nations of the Pacific Northwest of North America managed it.

But itu2019s got to limit how big that town can get.

Is Damascus the oldest city in the world

Its the oldest capital in the world, the oldest city is Ariha in Palastaine

The oldest city in the world UNESCO

Damascus, Syria u2013 11,000 years oldAlso named as the capital of Arab culture, Damascus is the oldest city in the world that has seen many of the great civilizations rise and fall.

According to research studies and historical evidence, Damascus was first inhabited in the second half of the seventh millennia B.


It is the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, and is a prominent cultural centre of the Arab world.

Today Damascus is a metropolitan area with more than two million population and was named the Arab Capital of Culture in 2008.

,Aleppo, Syria u2013 8,000 years oldAleppo serves as the capital of the Aleppo Governorate, and it has been continuously inhabited for more than 8,000 years.

It is a fact that the remnants dating back to 11,000 B.

C of human settlements have been found there.

Aleppo is actually located between the Mediterranean Sea and Mesopotamia, and due to its geographical location, it became an important trading hub during the ancient era.

However, due to warfare between the government and rebel forces that have killed thousands and forced many to flee from their homes, Aleppo has been facing devastation since 2012.

,Byblos, Lebanon u2013 7,000 years oldLocated around 42 kilometre north of Beirut, Byblos is the oldest and the largest city in the Mount Lebanon Governorate of Lebanon.

It is believed to have been first occupied by humans between 8800 and 7000 BC and continuously inhabited since 5000 BC.

Also, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is believed that the first import of papyrus in Greece took place in this city.

This city is also an archaeological wonder because of the successive layers of debris resulting from centuries of human habitation.

,Argos, Greece u2013 7,000 years oldArgos is a city in Argolis, the Peloponnese, Greece and is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.

According to research, Argos remained neutral throughout history, and did not participate in the Greco-Persian Wars.

Argos hosts around 22,000 residents today and numerous ancient monuments can be found here.

,Athens, Greece u2013 7,000 years oldAthens is the capital and largest city of Greece.

It dominates the Attica region with its earliest human presence starting somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennium BC.

This city is also an ancient home of philosophy and the birthplace of Western civilisations.

In fact it boasts of habitation that goes back long before the days of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle.

The city withstood the test of times and was a subject of complete destruction following the Dorian and Persian invasions.

Today, Athens is a sprawling metropolis and the oldest capital city in Europe.

,Susa, Iran u2013 6,300 years oldSusa orwas an ancient city of the Proto-Elamite, and one of the most important cities of the Ancient Near East (the home of early civilizations within a region roughly corresponding to the modern Middle East).

Its location is close to the Tigris River and hence made it one of the most important cities in the ancient world.

It was believed that the city was once completely destroyed by the Assyrians but then was quickly rebuilt and then it saw its most glorious days during the Persian Empire.

,Erbil, Iraqi Kurdistan u2013 6,000 years oldErbil has been inhabited, over the millennia, by the Persians, Greeks, Romans, Mongols and Ottoman Turks.

At the center of the city, rests the Erbil Citadel, also known as Hawler Castle which is an ancient structure that dates back to 2,000 B.


The Erbil Citadel, is an artificial mound and the historical city center of Erbil.

Erbil is known for its modern malls, ancient sites, and is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

,Sidon, Lebanon u2013 6,000 years oldInhabited for at least the last 6,000 years, Sidon was one of the most important Phoenician cities because of its location as a crucial port on the Mediterranean.

Sidon is the third-largest city in Lebanon and is located in the South Governorate.

Glass production had made Sidon both rich and famous and the city came to be known for being progressive.

Also, the Phoenicians were known for their skill in ship-building and navigating the Mediterranean Sea.

,Plovdiv, Bulgaria u2013 6,000 years oldPlovdiv is the second-largest city in Bulgaria.

Plovdivsu2019 history spans across more than six millenniums, making it one of the oldest cities in Europe.

Excavations show that people have been inhabiting the ancient town on the Nebet Tepe Hill since 4000.


The city was an important Persian, Thracian, Macedonian, and Ottoman hub.

Today, Plovdiv is the second biggest city in Bulgaria and an up-and-coming tourist hub.

,Varanasi, India u2013 5,000 years oldVaranasi is the oldest city in India and also the birthplace of the oldest religion u2013 Hinduism.

Also known as Benares, Banaras or Kashi this city is located on the banks of the river Ganges in the Uttar Pradesh state of North India and dates back to the 11th century B.


This city draws Hindu pilgrims and tourists from all across the world.

These pilgrims bathe in the river Ganges and also perform the funeral rites.

There are some 2,000 temples, including Kashi Vishwanath, the Golden Temple, dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva along the cityu2019s winding streets.

Oldest capital in the world

Well, the oldest city that is presently a world capital is Damascus, in Syria.

Oldest settlement in the world

I will assume that you mean the oldest area continuously inhabited by people.

My selection is Peru.

Cayce reported that Peru was the cradle of the brown race, that began there 10.

5 mya.

,I am well aware that our experts discredit Cayce, and would strongly deny that humans began as early as 10.

5 mya.

They are the last to know, since they know very little about human history before 3000 bce.

,Peru was probably occupied through the ages since then.

I base this upon the many phases of architecture reported throughout Peru.

The huge wall of Sacsayhuaman was either built by giants or wizards.

Cayce said the Atlanteans of 40,000 bce built it.

,Then there is Puma Punko located near Tiwanaku, but unrelated.

Hard stone was cut with machine accuracy.

Both sites share the cardinal directions of the pole shift epoch 50k to 22k bce.

,There are the Ica Stones that I saw and handled in 2012.

They depict men coexisting with dinosaurs.

Heart transplants are also detailed.

,Along the southern coast of Peru at almost every site that was excavated they found evidence that it had been a tropical jungle when the culture was active.

That would mean before that range of the Andes had uplifted.

This caused our experts to conclude distant trade with the Amazon was common then.

That region includes Nazca and the Atacama, which are hot and very dry deserts now.

,There is the u2018chair of the Incau2019 made of massive stones at a high elevation, that has the proportions to seat a large giant.

,All of the epochs of man for at least 52,000 years have left evidence of living there.

Including a valley where the mummies of dwarfs were found.

,Until the academics explore Peru more, and set aside their preconceived notions, they should not ridicule and deny what I have given.

,Peru, have been the cradle of the brown race, and formerly connected to Lemuria, we might expect relics or monuments of theirs back to 500k bce.

Top 20 oldest city in the world

Chennai is one of the oldest cities of India with a rich cultural heritage along with highly urbanized population.

It has been one of the most important places in Indian history which was part of many landmarks.

The following 35 amazing facts are only some of the great things about the city which make it one of the greatest cities in the world!,1.

Chennai is the second oldest corporation in the world after London.

It was started in 1687Chennai Corporation Building!,2.

SIPCOT IT Park (Siruseri) is the Asiau2019s largest IT Park.

A view of TCS Office in SIPCOT IT Park at Siruseri,3.

YMCA college is the Asiau2019s first college for u201cPhysical Educationu201d and it was established in 1920Front View of YMCA College of Physical Education,4.

Kathipara flyover in Guindy is the largest Clover leaf shaped flyover in AsiaAerial view of Kathipara Flyover at Guindy!,5.

It is the 31st Largest metropolitan city in the world and fourth most populous metropolitan city in IndiaA view of heavily populated area in T Nagar!,6.

u201cHigginbothamsu201d book shop on Mount Road is the first and oldest existing book shop in India which was started in 1844Old Picture of Higginbothams office on Mount Road!,7.

Chennai is the only Indian city to get featured among the Top 10 Best Cities to Travel in the World by Lonely Planet groupAn Aerial View of Chennai City!,8.

Chennai is the only city in South Asia and India to figure in the u201c52 places to go around the worldu201d by The New York TimesMadras Museum Theatre!,9.


Maryu2019s Church inside Fort St.

George is the oldest Anglican church in India and the oldest British building in India, constructed in 1678St.

Maryu2019s Church, Old picture!,10.

Chennai is the second largest IT exporter in India and Tidel park in Chennai was Asiau2019s largest IT park when it was builtPanaromic view of Tidel Park!,11.

Chennai region has the oldest rocks in the country dating back to a billion yearsA snapshot near Mahabalipuram Temple!,12.

Chennai is the only oldest serving municipal corporation in India.

Do you believe it was inaugurated in 1688!An old picture of Mount Road!,13.

Chennai Central prison is one of the oldest prisons in IndiaFront View of Chennai Central Prison at Puzhal!,14.

LIC building which was completed in 1959 was the tallest building in India at that timeThe ever green LIC Building!,15.

Madras High Court building is the second largest judicial complex in world after the one in LondonThe Majestic High Court!,16.

Royapuram railway station is the oldest railway station currently operational in IndiaRefurnished Royapuram Railway Station!,17.

Government college of fine arts (Madras School of Art) is the oldest art institution in IndiaPanoramic view of Madras College of Fine Arts!,18.

In 1930, Madras University introduced Bacheloru2019s course in Music for the first time in IndiaA Snapshot of University of Madras!,19.

Phoenix shopping mall at Velachery is the third biggest mall in India at an area of 2,400,000 sq ftA file photo of Phoenix Market City at Velachery!,20.

Chennai contributes to 40 % of retail Gold sales in IndiaA picture showing the gold sales and the crowd!,21.

Marina Beach is the second longest beach in the worldNight View of Marina Beach from Light House!,22.

According to Forbes magazine, Chennai is one of the fastest growing cities in the world and the only Indian city to be rated in the u201cForbes-Top 10 Fastest Growing Cities in the Worldu201dModern and amazing Panorama of IT Corridor!,23.

A major part of Indiau2019s automobile industry is based in and around Chennai thus earning it the nickname u201cDetroit of Indiau201d and Chennai is the largest electronic hardware exporter in India.

First Automobile industry in Chennai!,BMWu2019s first Indian Unit!,24.

World bank permanent back office in Chennai is the biggest building owned by World bank outside its headquarters in Washington D.

CWorld Banku2019s permanent office at Taramani!,25.

Chennai is home to the first European-style banking system in India with the establishment of the u2018Madras Banku2019 on 21 June 1683, almost a century before the establishment of the first commercial banks, such as the Bank of Hindustan and the General Bank of India, which were established in 1770 and 1786, respectively.

Bank of Madras!,26.

Chennai Koyambedu CMBT (Bus Termial) is the biggest bus terminal in Asia.

Aerial view of CMBT Bus Terminal!,27.

Chennai has the biggest artificial port in India & biggest in Bay of BengalAn Aerial view of Chennai Port!,28.

Chepauk M.


Chidambaram stadium is the oldest cricket stadium in IndiaA Panoramic shot of Chepauk stadium during ICC World cup!

Oldest continuously inhabited house in the world

What are the three oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world?I donu2019t know about three, some other posters have done a great job of pointing those out.

,There is one place in southern Italy that should be given some attention.

Matera, Italy has caves, Sassi di Matera, that are thousands of years old and, according to anthropologists and archaeologists, have evidence of being continuously inhabited since 7,000 BCE.

,According to Wikipedia:,u201cMatera is the only place in the world where people can boast to be still living in the same houses of their ancestors of 9,000 years ago.


Jericho oldest city

Jericho, Palestinian Territories.

The worlds oldest continually-inhabited city, according to our sources, archaeologists have unearthed the remains of 20 successive settlements in Jericho, dating back 11,000 years.

The city is found near the Jordan River in the West Bank and is today home to around 20,000 people.