Because of trade developments and financial exchanges, we often think of globalization as an economic and financial phenomenon.
nNonetheless, it includes a much wider field than just the flowing of goods, services or capital.
Often referred to as the globalization concept map, some examples of globalization are:,Economic globalization: is the development of trade systems within transnational actors such as corporations or NGOs;nFinancial globalization: can be linked with the rise of a global financial system with international financial exchanges and monetary exchanges.
Stock markets, for instance, are a great example of the financially connected global world since when one stock market has a decline, it affects other markets negatively as well as the economy as a whole.
nCultural globalization: refers to the interpenetration of cultures which, as a consequence, means nations adopt principles, beliefs, and costumes of other nations, losing their unique culture to a unique, globalized supra-culture;nPolitical globalization: the development and growing influence of international organizations such as the UN or WHO means governmental action takes place at an international level.
There are other bodies operating a global level such as NGOs like Doctors without borders or Oxfam; Sociological globalization: information moves almost in real-time, together with the interconnection and interdependence of events and their consequences.
People move all the time too, mixing and integrating different societies;nTechnological globalization: the phenomenon by which millions of people have interconnected thanks to the power of the digital world via platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, Skype or Youtube.
nGeographic globalization: is the new organization and hierarchy of different regions of the world that is constantly changing.
nMoreover, with transportation and flying made so easy and affordable, apart from a few countries with demanding visas, it is possible to travel the world without barely any restrictions;nEcological globalization: accounts for the idea of considering planet Earth as a single global entity u2013 a common good all societies should protect since the weather affects everyone and we are all protected by the same atmosphere.
To this regard, it is often said that the poorest countries that have been polluting the least will suffer the most from climate change.
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Types of globalization
There are many symptoms of climate change however the two types that need to be distinguished are anthropogenic (human activity induced) and geological.
,Geological comes from such things as volcanic eruptions, asteroid impacts and natural cycles.
Historically, for example, our planet has been a dirty little snowball a few times however each time continuing volcanic emissions have reversed it.
,In a sense the Earthu2019s inhabitants have always affected the climate.
The evolution of bacteria affected the atmosphere via their emissions and, as other life such as plants evolved, there was more change.
There were always winners and losers but the pace allowed life to comfortably evolve and continue.
,This distinguishing factor between then and now was this happened sufficiently slowly that ecosystems had a chance to evolve with the change.
Whatu2019s different this time is human activity is inducing such rapid change that evolution canu2019t keep up.
,This applies to every facet of life from species to the evolution of our civilisations.
Natural systems change isnu2019t linear.
There are tipping points where a system goes from one state to another (E.
The Atlantic conveyor ceasing to flow.
),The only precedents for this are the mass extinctions induced by asteroid impacts and each time the dominant species disappeared.
Characteristics such as fast breeding and hogging of resources that once assisted a species colonisation of the planet became a liability.
,Whatever happens life will continue on this planet (short of us irradiating it so itu2019s uninhabitable) however the homo sapiens place is not reserved and could easily cease to exist.