What are the 4 types of government
Here goes:,Absolute monarchy, in which the monarch is the head of state and head of government.
There are no elections and he may have a council/parliament-like body, but their function is purely advisory and they canu2019t make laws.
Examples: Brunei, Saudi Arabia.
,Constitutional monarchy, in which the monarch is head of state, but the head of government is elected and there is a Parliament that actually does stuff.
Examples: Cambodia (well, technically speaking anyway), UK, Denmark, Japan.
,Commonwealth realm, in which the head of government is Queen Elizabeth II, but she appoints governors-general to oversee the nation.
Examples: Australia, Canada, Papua New Guinea etc.
,Elective monarchy, in which the monarch is not hereditary.
The head of government may also be the monarch (absolute) or the country may have an elected parliament (constitutional).
Examples: Vatican City (absolute), Malaysia (constitutional.
Well, critics say the Prime Minister is acting very unconstitutionally, but Malaysiau2019s technically a constitutional monarchy).
,Presidential republic, in which an elected (well, usually elected) president is the head of state and the head of government.
The President may be elected independently of parliament, or he may have to depend on parliamentu2019s support to stay on as President.
Examples: Indonesia, US (independent of Congress), South Africa (dependent on parliament).
,Semi-presidential republic, in which the President is head of state and the Prime Minister is head of government, and each of them have responsibilities to fulfil.
Examples: France, East Timor.
,Parliamentary republic, in which the President is mainly ceremonial and the Prime Minister does the actual work.
You usually see this in former British colonies.
The President may be elected by parliament or directly, by the people.
Examples: India, Singapore (both former colonies), Germany (not a former colony).
,Military junta, in which the armed forces usually seize power in a coup and install a high-ranking military leader as the head of government.
Said leader may however, still go on to style himself u2018Presidentu2019 or u2018Prime Ministeru2019 Examples: Egypt (although President al-Sisi did technically win the presidency in a controversial election later on), Myanmar before 2011.
,Communist state, in which the Communist Party is the sole or leading party in parliament.
They may have elections, but it seems that the people vote for either Comrade A or Comrade B to represent them.
Examples: China, Vietnam.
It is in its own category.
,Theocracy, in which the head of state at least is the head of the religion.
There may or may not be elections, but the rules and laws are based on holy scriptures.
Examples: Vatican City.
,Islamic republic, in which Islam takes a leading role in governing the country.
There are usually elections and different parties in the country.
Examples: Afghanistan, Pakistan.
,There are undoubtedly more examples and other forms of government (federation, confederation, unitary state, city-stateu2026 is that what youu2019re asking?) but I think these should do.
How many types of government
Different government systems in world.
Democratic: In Simple words,by the people,of the people,for the people.
The voice of majority counts above everything.
Their is nothing like constitution of set of rules.
Whatever the majority says is the rule.
It can simply mean non-monarch govt.
Its a improved version of Democratic.
and its like this by the people,of the people,for the people but following a set of rules in that case our constitution.
,Oligarchy:It basically means power in the elite group of people.
A form of government in which power is vested in a few persons or in a dominant class or clique.
,Ex:North korea,Monarchy: All the power concentrated in hands of a single person.
,Constitutional Monarchy:Best example is United Kingdom.
where the King or Queen is the Head of the state.
just for namesake.
They have some reserve powers,but the main decision making lies with elected members.
,Capitalist: The business class rules.
The rich people or capitalist or who accumulate a lot of wealth influence the decision making of govt.
and policies so as to increase the personal profit and accumulate more wealth.
In simple words the capitalist indirectly rule.
,Socialist: There is difference between a socialist and communist government.
Mostly people use this words interchangeably.
You can say communism is extreme or intense form of socialism.
There are lot of definations out their for socialism.
What I understood is as follows.
In simple words socialism means.
let their be equality, let everyone gets equal opportunity indifference of his caste,class, or social status.
,let no money concentrate in hands of few(that doesnt mean it abolishes private property), it just says let everyone progress together as a society,socialism dont justify the use of violence to achieve this things.
Its like a ideal thing.
Most of countries are socialist just for namesake.
,Ex:We can say Finland but there is no such example of it.
,In socialism things are done which are good for people and nation.
Communist:In simple words implication of socialist principles by force is communism.
The state is supreme authority.
NO private property.
Everything is owned by state.
If their is a Capitalist govt.
And everyone is just a worker in communist state.
No personal ambitions.
,In communism things are done which are good for Government and nation and not much welfare of people as compare to socialism.
Example:China,Cuba,Federal Government:,Federal government is a type of national government in which government have powers to delegates the power to other elected member of the states.
There can be two level of federal government in a country either it is performing through common institutions or through powers as prescribed by a constitution of the state.
It is totally opposite to the unitary government.
In federation or federal government, provinces or territories enjoys some rights as are available to the independent states.
However international diplomacy, national security, foreign affairs and other kinds of international dealings are solely made by the federal government.
It can be in form of federal republic and federal monarchy government.
Currently there are 27 federations in the world.
Pakistan, India, Brazil, Switzerland, Sudan, etc.
are examples of federal republic government while Australia, Belgium, Canada, etc, are examples of federal monarchy government.
,Unitary Government:,Unitary government is a kind of government system in which a single power, which is known as the central government, controls the whole government.
In fact, all powers and administrative divisions authorities lies at the central place.
Today most of the government system in the world are based on unitary system of government.
It is slightly different from federal states and con-federal states.
In unitary government, central government has the power to broadened or narrowed the power of sub-national units.
It can create and abolished the same up to his will.
It can be in form of unitary republic or unitary monarchy.
,UK, Afghanistan, Italy, Zambia Ukraine, etc.
are examples of unitary republic government while Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Barbados, Morocco, Spain, etc are examples of unitary monarchy government.
Types of government in India
India is a quasi-federal parliamentary democratic republic.
The basic parliamentary structure is based on the Westminster system of the UK, but the basic ideals and principles are inspired from number of other countries around the world including the USA, France, Ireland, and USSR.
(Yes, you read that last one right).
,Indian Constitution is the longest in the world and starts with u201cWe the Peopleu2026u201d just like the American Constitution and talks about Fundamental Rights just like the Bill of Rights and also like the French Constitution talks about Liberty, Equality, Fraternity.
As is obvious by now, the system of government is in many ways derived from the previous British system of Empire of India, but was also reformed after independence, according to our core values and civilization, and at the same time inspired by other democracies around the world and their experience- this includes both their mistakes and successes.
,Quasi-federal: It is federal, almost.
This is different from the United States of America in a very important way.
USA is a federation of states, in the sense that the states decided to form the union, and therefore gave certain rights and responsibilities to the govt governing the union i.
For India, itu2019s the other way, in a sense, but not fully.
There are three lists of responsibilities: one for the union, one for the state, and a concurrent list- which has areas where both the state and the union will have a say and shall work together.
,Branches of government and their Separation: The Legislature is the democratically elected Indian Parliament, which is bicameral i.
consists of two courts or chambers- Lok Sabha, literally the Peopleu2019s Court, is the lower house is similar to the US House of Commons / House of Representatives; Rajya Sabha i.
the Statesu2019 Court or Council of States is the upper house.
This is different from House of Lords, which is appointed by peerage, hereditary or otherwise; and the US Senate which is directly elected.
RS is indirectly elected i.
the members of the State legislatures elect its members and therefore it justifies its name.
,The Administration is headed by the Prime Minister who must be a member of the parliament and must lead a majority of its members, and is composed of the Council of Ministers, who must be members of either chamber of Indian Parliament.
There is an underlying bureaucracy that executes the policies of the administration recruited by the Union Public Service Commission.
,The Judiciary is led by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India, and the judges appointed thereof.
The justice system is by judicial debate and inherits its practices from the English Common Law, but has been considerably reformed in both letter and spirit e.
there are none of those funny wigs of the past, though there are gowns to be worn; there is no trial by jury- this was a system routinely misused or misled by inherent prejudices during the British times and was abolished in the early years after independence.
It is therefore quite different from the American system where,The separation is roughly designed as- The Parliament writes the law, the Administration implements the law, and the Judiciary upholds the law.
The checks and balances on these powers are similar to those of the USA.
,The President is the figurehead and commander in chief of all armed forces, though has no actual power.
Therefore, this position is ceremonial with very few exceptions.