Considering the ", "modifiers": {}}, {"text": "list of environmental issues", "modifiers": {"link": {"type": "url", "url": "http:en.wikipedia.orgwikiList_of_environmental_issues"}}}, {"text": ", is science more dangerous to humanity than religion?

List of environmental issues


Ignorance is dangerous to humanity.

What are the 5 major environmental problems

The fossil fuel industryu2019s agents in government AKA the Republican Party.

They vote the interests of their patrons over those of the American people always, and do everything they can to block any form of legislation / government oversight that tries to protect the planet our children will inherit.

,Voting out the GOP at every level should be the first priority of anyone who cares about environment and successive generations.

List of environmental problems and solutions

Global warming from burning fossil fuels.

Solution: stop burning fossil fuels.

,Acid rain from sulphur from burning coal.

Solution: stop burning coal.

,NOx ground level smog air pollution from burning fossil fuels.

Solution: stop burning fossil fuels.

,Tailing ponds around fossil fuel extraction sites.

Solution: stop mining and pumping fossil fuels.

,Mercury buildup in dam reservoirs and wildlife: Solution: stop burning coal.

,,Dunno, completely unrelated things with zero overlap at all.

Gonna be hard to fix all of them.

That would take solutions.

List of environmental problems and solutions PDF

To start your preparation, I recommend first go through the syllabus and previous year paper( at least 5 years) to understand the demand of exam.

Take your time and donu2019t be in hurry.

Once you are done with it, then you can move ahead with the books.

,The written examination comprises of two papers u2013,General Ability and Intelligence,General Studies, Essay and Comprehension.

,Here is the book-list which may be helpful in covering your syllabus-,General Mental Ability: The questions will be designed to test the logical reasoning, quantitative aptitude including numerical ability, and data interpretation.

,By selling an article for u20b9 2700, a man loses 10%.

If he sells it for u20b9 3600, his gain per cent is(CAPF 2019)(a) 15,(b) 18,(c) 20,(d) 25,From this Question, you can infer that the level is of 10th standard where you just need to be sound with the basics.

You can solve past year papers of above topics and can take help from RS Agarwal for some topics like Profit/loss, time/distance, etc.

Moreover, if you are still struggling then I will recommend you to solve past 30 years Civils CSAT papers.

You can take help from DISHA book on solved papers.

Its really helpful and many Qs are direcelty/indirectly asked from it.

Your target should be to get minimum 90 percent correct.

,Booklist mentioned- RS Agarwal & DISHA.

General Science: The questions will be set to test general awareness, scientific temper, comprehension, and appreciation of scientific phenomena of everyday observation including new areas of importance like Information Technology, Biotechnology, Environmental Science.

Which one of the following will NOT show Tyndall effect?(CAPF 2019)(a) Chalk powder freshly mixed with water,(b) Lime juice,(c) Few drops of milk mixed with water,(d) Starch solution,Which one of the following does NOT contain COOH group?(CAPF 2019)(a) Citric acid,(b) Lactic acid,(c) Tartaric acid,(d) Ascorbic acid,Analysis- If one has read NCERT 6-10th, then these Qs can be a cakewalk.

The above Qs is directly lifted from NCERT 9th & 10th Science book.

So, you need to read NCERT religiously so that you are well-versed with your basics.

However, some Qs like electromagnetic waves(keeps repeating), vitamin deficiency etc may not be well covered in NCERT.

For this, I recommend LUCENT as its crisp and if you have covered it well, then you will be able to solve more than 90% of the Qs asked from this portion.

But first read NCERT and then go to Lucent.

,Book list recommended- NCERT 6-10th and Lucent.

Current Events of National and International Importance: The questions will test the candidates awareness of current events of national and international importance in the board areas of culture, music, arts, literature, sports, governance, societal and developmental issues, industry, business, globalisation, and interplay among nations,.

u2018Kandhamal Haldiu2019, which received GI tag recently, is a variety of turmeric indigenous to(CAPF 2019)(a) North Bengal,(b) Southern Odisha,(c) Sangli, Maharashtra,(d) Alleppey, Kerala,Analysis- If you want to be in the race,then you cant afford to ignore this part.

This is the simplest part provided you are aware with your current events.

How? Read any 1 good Newspaper( The Hindu or Indian Express) and supplement it with GKTODAY monthly current affairs so that you are able to solve 100 % with 100% accuracy.

,Book list recommended- NCERT 6-10th and Lucent.

Indian Polity and Economy: The questions shall aim to test candidates knowledge of the Countrys political system and the Constitution of India, Social systems and public administration, economic development in India, regional and international security issues and human rights including its indicators.

Which one of the following does NOT fall under the definition of the Money Bill?(CAPF 2019)(a) Amendment of law with respect to any financial obligations undertaken by the Government of India,(b) The payment of money into the Consolidated Fund of India,(c) Any financial bill as per require ments of Article 117,(d) Appropriation of money out of the Consolidated Fund of India,Which one of the following authorities ing authorities CANNOT organize u2018Lok Adalatsu2019?(CAPF 2019)(a) Panchayat Committees,(b) Taluk Legal Services Committee,(c) District Authority,(d) High Court Legal Services Committee,Analysis- If you do cost-benefit analysis, this part gives you the best reward among static portions.

If you are a novice, then do read NCERT 6-11th with more focus on the book u2019Indian Constitution at Worku2019.

You will get the basic idea and the structure to build your foundation.

For the strong foundation, you need M LAXMIKANTH and yes this book is no less than a bible for UPSC aspirants.

The above Qs can be solved from it with ease.

,Book list recommended- NCERT 6-11th and M Laxmikanth.

History of India: It includes Ancient, medieval and Modern History with special focus on the areas of nationalism growth and movement for freedom.

Which of the following statements about Prarthana Samaj are correct?(CAPF 2019)1.

Its aim was to reform the Hindu society,2.

It was based in Maharashtra,3.

It believed in monotheism,4.

It had greatly influenced the Brahmo Samaj,Select the correct answer using the code given below:(a) 1 and 2 only,(b) 2 and 3 only,(c) 1, 2 and 3,(d) 1 and 4,Why did the early nationalists oppose the Council Act of 1892?(a) The number of members of the Imperial Legislative Council was increased,(b) The number of members of Provincial Councils was increased,(c) The Councils were given the right to discuss the annual budgets,(d) The Act did not give the Indians control over the public funds,Analysis- This part is vast and if one is not properly planned in his/her preparation, then as obvious you will land in middle of nowhere.

So by planning I mean that you should devote maximum time to Modern followed by ancient and medieval.

The above Qs is simple but tricky as you will not find the direct answer of it.

You need to use your logic like Why will the early nationalists oppose the Council Act of 1892 if the Councils were given the right to discuss the annual budgets or the members were increased in the council.

To come up with such logic/understanding etc, one must read new NCERT 6-10TH &12th and Spectrum for Modern India and Lucent in general for History as it covers very well ancient history.

,Book list recommended- NCERT 6-10TH &12th + Spectrum for Modern India + LucentIndian and World Geography: The questions shall cover the physical, social and economic aspects of geography pertaining to India and the World.

Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the positions in the Bay of Bengal from North to South? (CAPF 2019)(a) Gulf of Mannar u2013 Palk Strait u2013 Palk Bay,(b) Palk Strait u2013 Gulf of Mannar u2013 Palk Bay,(c) Palk Strait u2013 Palk Bay u2013 Gulf of Mannar,(d) Palk Bay u2013 Palk Strait u2013 Gulf of Mannar,Analysis- Geography is like science and very interesting.

You just need to understand the concept like why there is winter rainfall, how tide is generated, plate tectonics etc.

NCERT 6-12th is must to understand the basic concept and thus it will help you to eliminate the odd one out.

More focus should be on class 11th NCERT as many Qs are verbatim lifted from there.

In addition, you need an ATLAS which will help you to cover questions like above and you can make your own notes of it like countries passing through Tropic of cancer and so on.

,Book list recommended- NCERT 6-12th & ATLASEconomics:Who coined the concept of u201cParadox of Thriftu201d?(CAPF 2019)(a) Adam Smith,(b) Alfred Marshall,(c) John Maynard Keynes.

,(d) Paul A.

Samuelson,Analysis- Economics can be technical and if you are able to understand the basic concept like inflation,monetary policy, slow down etc then you will be able to solve most of the Qs.

Here also, NCERT 6-12th with special focus on 12th Macroeconomics must be given.

The above Qs link can be traced to 12th NCERT MACROECONOMICS.

In addition, Mrunal Handout( video or pdf) can be done.

Itu2019s a one stop solution.

,Book list recommended- NCERT 6-12th & Mrunal Handout--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------,Paper 2-You have already covered so much in Paper 1 that you will have enough content to write Essay, Report , Arguments etc.

You just need to PRACTICE within a time frame.

Just learn the basic format of report writing, argument etc and fill it with solid content using facts and figures if possible.

For grammar, you can refer Wren & Martin selectively like for prepositions etc.

,To score in this paper, you need to finish the paper with special emphasis on Essay and grammar so that you can score a decent 90+ marks in it.

,-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------,Points to be kept in mind-1.

,The booklist I mentioned is exhaustive, but if done with it then I can bet you will score one of the highest marks provided you perform at D-Day.


,Revision and practice is the key.

For eg- Laxmikanth requires atleast 3 revision because of the nitty-gritty of the problem like who is the guardian of the Constitution and so on.


,Newspaper is must for the preparation as it will help you in both the papers.


,The number of Qs you are attempting matters a lot.

Try to maximize your attempt(110+) obviously with a safe calculation made.


,If you are not fit, start doing exercise as in the last moment you will find it hard to loose weight or to even do long jump.

I had to reduce around 18 kg in just 40 days and it was like hell and if you practice long jump with a such a body, you may incur stress facture which I sustained.


,You need to be motivated to keep the momentum going.


,Its okay not to know everything and to have a mood swing/low times in the journey.

But we need to keep moving come what may.


,Practice mock papers so that you can get the taste before the exam and can mould yourself accordingly.


,Avoid all type of negativity and related environment.


,Develop the habit of saying u2018NOu2019.


,Social media use must be limited so as to avoid distraction.

Remember your phone is for your comfort and not for the comfort of others so donu2019t hesistate to keep your mobile in flight mode.

,This is all from my side.

I will keep updating if anything comes to my mind.

If there is any doubt, feel free to ask.

I will try to help to the best of my capacity.

,All the best.


10 environmental problems and solutions

It would definitely cause ethical and environmental problems, and probably legal problems, too.

,This water is equivalent to 0.

1M NaOH.

This is extremely caustic, and would almost certainly cause major problems for aquatic creatures:,http://www.



pdf,This solution is considered u201cHarmful to aquatic life.

u201d But this assessment is almost certainly based milliliters or liters of this solution, not hundreds of cubic meters.

,That much lye would almost certainly ca.



Environmental issues in India

Hii ,With a population of over 1.

3 billion, India is soon set to dislodge China as the most populous country of the world.

While India has one of the fastest growing populations in the world today, itu2019s far behind most others when it comes to preserving the environment and the ecology.

Today, our country is riddled with a number of environmental concerns which have only aggravated in the last few decades.

It is high time we tackled these issues head on as turning a blind eye is no solution.

Even as India races ahead to join the league of top economies internationally, it must stick to a growth path that is environmentally sustainable.

Neglecting the environment can create havoc and the damage done may become irreparable.

So we must wake up and smell the coffee before itu2019s too late.

,Following are some of the major environmental concerns India is grappling with today.

,Air PollutionAir pollution is one of the worst scourges to have affected India.

According to a report from the International Energy Agency (IEA), by 2040 there are likely to be about 9 lakh premature deaths in the country due to the drastic rise in air pollution in the country.

Average life expectancies are likely to go down by about 15 months because of air pollution.

India is also home to 11 out of 20 of the most polluted (in terms of air pollution) cities in the entire world.

According to the rankings of the 2016 Environmental Performance Index, India ranks 141 out of 180 countries in terms of air pollution.

,Groundwater DepletionRapidly depleting levels of groundwater is one of the biggest threat to food security and livelihood in the country.

Accessing the groundwater has become increasingly difficult over the decades.

According to news reports, excessive exploitation of limited groundwater resources for irrigation of cash crops such as sugarcane has caused a 6 percentage point decline in the availability of water within 10 metres from ground level.

Low rainfall and drought are also reasons for groundwater depletion.

The north western and southeastern parts of the country are the worst hit.

These are also the regions responsible for most of the countryu2019s agricultural production and food crisis is a natural corollary.

,Climate ChangeIn May 2016, Phalodi in Rajasthan recorded a temperature of 51 degrees Celsius u2013 the highest ever in the country.

The increasingly tormenting heat waves in the past years are but an indication that global warming and climate change are real challenges that the country is facing now.

With the Himalayan glaciers melting at an alarming rate, floods and other such natural disasters are occurring with increasing frequency.

The number of forest fires, floods, earthquakes and such other calamities over the past five years has been unprecedented.

,Use of PlasticsUnrestrained use of plastics is another major concern for the country.

According to data from the Plastindia Foundation, Indiau2019s demand for polymers is expected to go up from 11 million tonnes in 2012-13 to about 16.

5 million tonnes in 2016-17.

Indiau2019s per capita plastic consumption went up from about 4 kg in 2006 to some 8 kg in 2010.

By 2020, this is likely to shoot up to about 27 kg.

To understand the damage that this can cause to the environment, it is important to understand that plastics are one of the least biodegradable materials.

An average plastic beverage bottle could take up to 500 years to decompose naturally.

,Garbage Disposal and SanitationAccording to a 2014 report by The Economist, about 130 million households (and 600 million population) in the country lack toilets.

Over 72 percent of Indiau2019s rural population defecate in the open.

Ancient practices such as manual scavenging are still in vogue in the country.

Lack of safe garbage disposal systems in the country make India one of the most unhygienic countries in the world.

The rural regions of the country are worse off than urban tracts in this regard.

This is one of the areas where the countryu2019s government and people need to work hard and improve the prevailing conditions.

,Loss of BiodiversityAccording to the International Union for Conservation of Natureu2019s Red Data Book, some 47 species of plants and animals in India are listed as critically endangered.

Loss of ecology and natural habitats have left many indigenous species, including important ones such as the Siberian crane, Himalayan wolf and Kashmir stag in grave danger of going extinct.

Rapid urbanization, poaching and indiscriminate hunting for leather fur etc.

have rendered these animals critically endangered and the flora or herbal treasure of India in near-extinction conditions.

Many of the plants commonly harvested for their medicinal properties are vanishing along with the legacy of Ayurvedic treatment.

,There are two main reasons Indiau2019s environmental challenges are assuming gigantic proportions.

Firstly, the exploding population and the needs of billions makes environmental sustainability a very difficult issue.

The other big challenge is lack of environmental awareness and conservation.

Despite the efforts of government and environmental agencies, there is a lack of substantial efforts from the masses.

Unless this changes, there is little hope for improvement.

We can only look forward to the youth and the younger generations of the nation to remain conscientious and act in the best interests of future generations.

,If any query please comment.

List of environmental problems and solutions in the Philippines

First, lets strike at the heart of this question.

It is absolutely incorrect, that everyone is worried about China.

The United States, its media, and its people, with good encouragement from certain sectors in the west, often confuse themselves with the world.

,Africa has close to a billion people, they are not at all concerned.

Opinion polls overwhelming show this.

There might be some Xenophobia regarding Chinese entrepreneurs, but thats it.

,The entire Middle East, isnt worried about China; It is more engaged in passionately hating the United States and the West.

That is quite a few people.

,The Entire Latin America, especially that in South America, is not worried.

Rather they are major strategic allies with China, and Brazil enjoys tremendous relations with China.

Brazil is working with other BRIC countries to reform the Economic System, and bring US arrogance, and economic hegemony to end.

,In Europe, most of the concern is regarding Human rights.

In fact, European Governments are in many areas completely aligned with China.

Remember, countries chose AIIB over overwhelming US opposition.

Not only this, Germany and Britain are the countries openly calling for greater role of RMB in world trade.

These countries support Chinas move to include RMB in the SDR basket of IMF.

This move is opposed by the United States, simply to retain its Economic hegemony.

,Countries in Central Asia, CIS, Russia, and Balkan states actually have very favorable views of China.

Greece, in fact, has much more favorable views of China relative to US or some European States.

,Closer to home; Korea, Thailand, Myanmar, New Zealand are the countries very much in favor of China, all for different reasons.

,Korea doesnt have much feud with China, at least for territory.

All the feud is regarding EEZ.

Rather, Korean Nationalism, and Policy is totally against Japan, on almost all fronts.

Korean economy is complementary to China, and in direct competition with Japan.

Korea wants to move up the value Chain, and take more industries out of Japan.

While there are obvious difficulties with North Korea, ask any Korean, and he understands the stance of China.

Most would like Americans to leave in lieu of China agreeing to Unification.

Also, Koreans are much closer to China culturally than anyone even knows.

Mandarin has gained huge popularity in Korea; Korean media industry gains a freaking huge majority of its income from China.

The two way exchange of people, be it students, tourists, public leaders is without rival.

,Thailand, and Vietnam are opponents of each other in the Mekong region.

When Vietnam was thoroughly in the Communist camp, Thailand moved towards US.

Today opposite is happening.

Thailand loathes being dominated by Vietnam near its territory.

Laos and Cambodia are just fillers and buffer states between the two.

,Myanmar is not at all worried about China.

Of course it wants to reduce over reliance on China for economy, which most sensible states should do, but this far from any worry.

In the recent conflicts, China has clearly shown where it stands on ethnic issues.

That is huge comfort for Myanmar.

,Countries like Singapore, Indonesia, and Malaysia are mildly worried, because they want free lanes of passage.

Singapore is especially worried due to possible territorial claim over it, based on culture, and motivated by its strategic location.

Yet, that worry is far from overwhelming.

,For the whole Indian periphery, Pakistan is a total loyal follower of China.

Other countries like Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Nepal, have healthy ties with China, and actually want more Chinese engagement, to help balance Indias influence.

,The only countries that totally, truly loathe China are Vietnam, Japan, Philippines.

(Even for Philippines, its Vice President evidently said that they should compromise with China, and have mutually beneficial relations.

),US fears and dislikes loss of power and being irrelevant in Asia Pacific.

,India is highly concerned, because of suspected attempts of Chinese encirclement, deep mistrust, and legacy issues.

What you must understand here is that while normal Indians have both fierce dislike, and envy for China, the Indian Government has almost always been much more friendly.

Modi is soon visiting China on a marathon visit.

Indian Government would like a solution, and good relations with China if certain things, like Chinese withdrawal from Indian sphere of influence can be negotiated.

,Since, being an Indian I would write a bit more on this relationship.

India is in deep awe of China.

Almost every Indian envies China, so much so that, we are essentially modelling our economic policies on China.

Indias Chief Economic Advisor to the Prime Minister, Arvind Subramanian | Wikiwand, has actually written a book on China, called the Eclipse, in which he is noticeably deeply impressed by China.

So is Raghuram Rajan, the RBI central banker.

,On economic policy rather, especially regarding international finance, India has been working closely with China to weaken American financial hegemony.

Establishing the BRIC bank, calling for IMF and World Bank reform, being a founder member of AIIB etc.

Raghuram Rajan, even expounded on his deep dislike for the distortion in the financial system, which favors the rich countries, and especially the US of A.

He accused the United States recently, of policies, that the US itself would have called currency manipulation had it been other countries.

,So, we have quickly been through a list of many countries.

Doesnt seem too much hatred for China.

,Among the non-state entities, China is deeply disliked by Global Journalists.

It is also deeply disliked by Human Right Propagandists/Upholders, and the Global civil society.

The problem is that these people have an ultra large impact on the perception because these are the people who control media, and a general persons access to information.

They have abject monopoly over access to knowledge, and are deeply ideological.

So much so that, these people are often found lobbying the United States for policies that may harm the world, United States itself and other countries.

But they have huge power in Western discourse, and if they get pissed, they will start a whole ideological parade against their perceived nuisance.

,n,,nThe above was a brief overview of Chinese relations with different states.

nYes, there is a concern among certain countries, especially the Global civil society, composed of journalists, all sorts of activists etc.

,But, most of the concern is regarding uncertainty.

When US was growing, all neighboring states held tremendous concerns.

US has been, over the past few centuries, BY FAR, the most expansionist power in the world.

What mollified that concern, was predictability and being habitual.

US gobbled up huge parts of Mexico, but poor Mexico had to eventually just live with it.

Even if China were to take the whole of South China Sea, and maintains its power, enough that non-engagement with it isnt an option, people will forget.

As I say, Philippines Vice President, already has that attitude.

Binay: China has money, we need capitalnRemember, Philippines is the same country the United States colonized.

No body bothers about it much.

If China is able to control the SCS, and simultaneously become the undisputed force in that region, people would just live with it.

,So, the biggest concern is really uncertainty, and non-transparent intentions.

Obviously there may be something akin to Chinas Cuba.

Vietnam may become one, but no body denies that US essentially controls the Carribeans and Gulf of Mexico.

,For other states, like Japan and US, it is simply their loss of influence that they are worried about.

,For some, they are worried about encirclement etc.

,The biggest people, and the most vocal, which leads to this perception, are the Global Civil Society, who just cant tolerate a state like Chinas to succeed.

It is against their almost fanatically religious form of worship for some ideas, systems, and ideologies.

,,,One quick rebuttal of Jon Mixons answer: ,,Chinas nuke only worries the Americans, no one else is worried.

Not even the Indians.

As far as Nukes are concerned, in absolute quantity, there are more people worried about USs nukes than there are about Chinas nukes.

n,This to some extent is true.

,Again, totally untrue.

And no country is so benevolent anyways to worry about Chinas internal affairs.

Also, the pattern of violence was more prominent in the last two centuries, owing to complete devastation of China, politically.

Before that, violence in China was in no way an outlier in the world.

,This is a total lie.

China already spends much more than the United States on clean energy.

China is widely credited to single-handedly bring down the cost of solar panels.

China is investing incredible amount of money in all kinds of projects.

And, every country, including the United States, was equally dirty and polluted at a comparable stage of development.

We are already seeing the pollution in China declining.

You can follow Green Peace, the premier environmental NGO, which lauds Chinas efforts in this arena.

,Well, that is entirely a US concern.

No body in the developing world frets about this.

Rather, China is among the developing countries that have taken the most decisive action in controlling its population.

China in 1950 was 1.

45 times the size of Indian Population and now they are almost similar.

Also, most of the developing countries themselves are experiencing growth.

One thing to point out, that at comparable economic development stage, US had much higher fertility rate compared to China.

Even today, US and China grow at similar rates, and Chinas fertility rate is way too low.

US essentially tripled its population from 1915 to 2000.

,nOne final thing to note: China, at least claimed by it in 1949, has NEVER expanded.

It has only shrunk by dispute settlement with Russia, the Stans, Myanmar.

Right from the beginning, China has maintained the same map.

People are loosing their shit, only because it finally has the power to enforce its sovereignty.